Working Papers

Sustaining The Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas 1988-2012

Update and elaboration of the 1988 Journal of Business Venturing article "Creating the Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas" which emphasized the role of key influencers, institutions and networks that made possible Austin’s extraordinary technology-based growth. Elaborates the "Technopolis Wheel" …  More

The Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business

Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture.

The Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business

Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture.

E-Commerce Japanese Style

Presentation to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) on electronic commerce in Japan, how it is different from e-commerce in the US, and the challenges that foreign companies face entering the e-commerce market in Japan.

The Changing Dimensions of Japanese Security Issues

Presentation on post-Cold War security issues and international relations in Japan. Delivered to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) at The University of Texas at Austin on August 11, 1999.

Is there light at the end of the tunnel for Japan?

Explores Japan’s economic predicament and prospects for eventual recovery. Describes the origins of Japan’s economic issues and draws contrasts between Japan and America/Europe in terms of human resources, finance and politics. Offers three schools of thought on what will happen …  More

International Human Resource Management in Japanese Multinationals

Discusses the tactical decisions firms make in the process of establishing management systems in overseas subsidiaries and their strategic effects on the function of the management system as it relates to organizational learning. Introduces a typology of organizational learning models …  More

Japanese Entrepreneurship and Opportunities for Partnering

As part of the Japan Industry and Management of Technology (JIMT) Speaker Series, discusses the importance of entrepreneurship and new technologies in securing Japan’s full economic recovery from the current economic slump. Describes the history of Japanese entrepreneurship, which experienced …  More

Doing Business with a High-Tech Focus in Japan, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

Introduces the economic conditions and high-tech research and development scenarios in post-crisis Asia. Explores challenges and opportunities for American high tech industries. Discusses issues related to doing business with the Japanese and Chinese, including understanding management and the need for …  More

Structural Gaiastu: International Finance and Political Change in Japan

Argues that the principal contributor to changes in Japan’s political economy is the decline of Japanese governmental control over capital flows and foreign exchange rates brought about by structural “gaiatsu”, or direct foreign pressure. Differs from previous analysis of gaiatsu …  More

Japan and a New International Security Paradigm

Argues that Japan has the potential to be recognized as a post-Cold War superpower, but has not been able to do so because of a lack of military/nuclear power and its alignment with the U.S. Discusses two security options, developing …  More

Trade, Corporatism, Clusters, and Japan as Bellweather

Remarks on the trend toward corporatism in the U.S. and outlines the latest developments, namely the MAI treaty, and examines how what we know about Japanese business and society does and does not signal what we can expect from increased …  More

The Fallacy of Micro Foundation and Micro Fluctuations

Argues that there is no micro foundation for microeconomic fluctuations, or business cycles, based on the law of large numbers in probability theory and statistical mechanics. Discusses the Lucas model of rational expectations as inconsistent with the efficient market hypotheses …  More

The Politics of Sustainable Development in Japan

Discusses three important questions and issues regarding Japan’s role in global environmental affairs: how the environmental movement has evolved in Japan; what the country’s major environmental policy challenges are on the local-national, regional and global level; and, how Japanese companies …  More

Japanese Banking Reform: Will It Be In Time?

Discusses, as an interim report by an academic involved in the emergency policy package to stabilize the Japanese financial system, the objective of the capital injection to 21 banks in March 1998, the merger package and ultimate failure of the …  More

Marketing’s War on Japanese Culture Memory

Describes research showing how American brands come to dominate similar market segments in developed and emerging countries. Discusses recent evidence suggesting that product standardization and promotion adaptation, rather than standardization across marketing functions, earn profits worldwide and create value added …  More

Zero TimeTM: A Conceptual Architecture for 21st Century Enterprises

Discusses Zero Time, or manipulating time as an independent variable, as critical to any enterprise’s success in the 21st Century. Discusses five disciplines of a Zero Time organization (customer value driven, knowledgization, holonic management, zero resistance and inclusion) and how …  More

Future Business in Japan: Opportunities or Threats?

Describes the current state of Japan with an eye on the signs that show where the country is going, and how it may affect foreign businesses. Examines one established industry, aerospace, and one new industry, environmental, and identifies opportunities for …  More

On the Role of the University in the Knowledge Economy

Argues for changes in the traditional way of viewing economic growth and questions the role that contemporary institutions, specifically universities, play in this process. Shows, empirically, the increasing importance that knowledge is assuming in economic activity in developed countries. Outlines …  More

Japanese Style Networks and Innovations in High-Technology Firms in Texas

Discusses U.S.-Japanese competitiveness and how it might affect policy and the high-technology industry. Describes Japanese knowledge and spatial networks with a focus on their contribution to innovations. Discusses previous studies on the high-tech industry, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of …  More

Synergy for the 21st Century: Between Unstructured Problems and Management Planning Controls

In the plenary address to the INFORMS Dallas Fall 2007 conference for Operations Research and Management Sciences (OR/MS), discusses the synergy between OR/MS and digital technology. Describes historically and prospectively the synergy between OR/MS and new disciplines as well as …  More

Perspectives on Business and Emerging Trends For the 21st Century

In a presentation at the Fall 1997 CBA Advisory Dinner, discusses three mega business trends: (1) the transformation of high technology business from U.S. dominance to a global commodity-based industry, (2) the need for transfer of leadership from the public …  More

Building and Creating the Future of the South: Breakthrough Partnerships for the 21st Century

In a presentation to the Southern Growth Policy Board’s 1997 Conference on the Future of the South, argues that partnership, including Public Private Partnerships, for the 21st century needs to be about winning combinations. Describes the change in resources that …  More

Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Initiative and the Politics of International Technology Collaboration

Discusses Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) initiative, an international research program in manufacturing technology with the goal of developing a next-generation production system to maximize efficiency by integrating the entire range of business activity from order-booking through design, manufacture and …  More

Setting the Stage: Government-Industry Creation of the Japanese Fax Industry

Discusses the significance of the Japanese government’s role in the development of fax technology as a good model of how governments can influence the agents shaping technology. Describes how the Japanese government’s push on domestic fax manufacturers and telephone companies …  More

Beyond Beijing: The Course of Women’s Struggle for Equal Opportunity in Japan

Discusses the opportunity for change in Japan towards a more gender-equitable system. Describes the role of women in Japan’s industrialization and development of its peculiar management system. Discusses the legal, corporate and external framework for workforce equality. Explains the role …  More

How Visual Images Help Run Japanese Factories

Discusses management and technical staff’s extensive use of visual images in the control system of Japanese factories to structure information so that everyone may understand the plan, execute it, identify errors and solve any problems related to performance gaps. Describes …  More

Opening Address to The Second World Conference on Integrated Design & Process Technology of the Society for Design & Process Science (SDPS)

Discusses generational road maps and commercialization of science and technology. Describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, and the changes facing all five basic dimensions of society – economic, political, social, cultural and scientific/technological. …  More

Generational Road Maps: Political, Economic, Scientific?

In a commencement address to the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, for dealing with societal challenges …  More

Japanese Multimedia Industry Update

Discusses a new trend among Japan’s giant electronics and telecommunications companies and ministries: a concerted effort to develop a multimedia society like the one growing in the U.S. Describes efforts by Japanese computer and electronics conglomerates to promote multimedia by …  More

A Retrospective and Prospects of the Fifth Generation Computer Project

Report on the Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) project undertaken by the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in the period 1982-1992. The Fifth Generation Computer was developed using a framework of parallel processing and inference processing based …  More

Committed Costs vs. Uncertainty in New Product Development

Discusses the nature of committed and determined costs in a new product development project, and quantifies their relationship to project uncertainty. Introduces the concept of product, process, schedule and market (PPSM) intelligence and emphasizes its use for jointly considering marketing …  More

Korea in the New World Order

Working paper developed from a lecture presented in Seoul about the role of Korea in the New World Order. Summarizes the historical background of the concept of a New World Order and its evolution after the Gulf War of 1990-91. …  More

Chance-Constrained Efficiency Analysis

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is extended to the case of stochastic inputs and outputs through the use of chance-constrained programming. The chance-constrained envelope envelops a given set of observations "most of the time." We show that the chance-constrained enveloping process …  More

Estimation of the Time Path of the Supply Price of an Exhaustible Resource: The Case of Oil and Natural Gas

Explores the interplay of geopolitical, economic, geological and operational factors that may disrupt the gradual upwards shift of the supply price of non-replenishable resources, specifically oil and natural gas. Describes the econometric identification of the supply price curve for oil …  More

Beware of Historians Bearing False Analogies

A response to the book "The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers" by Paul Kennedy (1987).

The Austin/San Antonio Corridor: The Dynamics of a Developing Technopolis

Examination of the factors contributing to the development of the Austin/San Antonio corridor as a high-technology center in the years 1945-1986. The paper uses a conceptual framework called the Technopolis Wheel, which identifies seven segments as fundamental in regional high-tech …  More

Impacts of Deregulation on Performance and Management of the Largest American Transportation Companies

The effects of the past quarter century of deregulation on the transportation industry in the United States are many and varied. Impacts have been felt at the level of the industry as a whole, at the level of mode-based industry …  More

Transforming Texas and the Nation: Productivity Through Entrepreneurship and Risk-taking

The authors call for the state of Texas to meet 25% of its need for new job creation through technology venturing, which they estimate to be 42,500 jobs per year or 820,000 new jobs over twenty years. In order to …  More

Newer Concepts of Management, Profits, and Profitability: Summaries and New Directions

Forecast of the impact of new information technologies on management in the period 1971-1990. Summarizes and extends three studies commissioned by the Conference Board in 1970.