Working Papers

working paper

Sustaining The Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas 1988-2012

Gibson, David V.; Butler, John Sibley IC2 Institute Working Papers;WP-2013-02-01 2013-02

Update and elaboration of the 1988 Journal of Business Venturing article "Creating the Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas" which emphasized the role of key influencers, institutions and networks that made possible Austin’s extraordinary technology-based growth. Elaborates the "Technopolis Wheel" framework to better reflect challenges and opportunities as well as review lessons learned during the […]Read More

working paper

The Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business

Takagi, Yuji IC2 Institute Working Papers;WP-2000-05-03 2000-05-03

Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture.Read More

working paper

The Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business

Takagi, Yuji IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-2000-05-03 2000-05-03

Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture.Read More

working paper

E-Commerce Japanese Style

Katoh, Masanobu IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-09-08 1999-09

Presentation to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) on electronic commerce in Japan, how it is different from e-commerce in the US, and the challenges that foreign companies face entering the e-commerce market in Japan.Read More

working paper

The Changing Dimensions of Japanese Security Issues

Piper, W. Stephen IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-08-11 1999-08

Presentation on post-Cold War security issues and international relations in Japan. Delivered to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) at The University of Texas at Austin on August 11, 1999.Read More

working paper

Is there light at the end of the tunnel for Japan?

Kubarych, Roger M. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-07-21 1999-07-21

Explores Japan’s economic predicament and prospects for eventual recovery. Describes the origins of Japan’s economic issues and draws contrasts between Japan and America/Europe in terms of human resources, finance and politics. Offers three schools of thought on what will happen to Japan’s economic predicament in the coming years. Provides five factors justifying optimism: increases in […]Read More

working paper

International Human Resource Management in Japanese Multinationals

Bird, Allan IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-02-18 1999-07-21

Discusses the tactical decisions firms make in the process of establishing management systems in overseas subsidiaries and their strategic effects on the function of the management system as it relates to organizational learning. Introduces a typology of organizational learning models by analyzing 114 Japanese subsidiaries. Uses the typology to discuss the differences across Japanese multinational […]Read More

working paper

Japanese Entrepreneurship and Opportunities for Partnering

Nishiyama, Hidehiko IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-06-29 1999-06-29

As part of the Japan Industry and Management of Technology (JIMT) Speaker Series, discusses the importance of entrepreneurship and new technologies in securing Japan’s full economic recovery from the current economic slump. Describes the history of Japanese entrepreneurship, which experienced a golden age after WWII, and how the rise of large corporations led to less […]Read More

working paper

Doing Business with a High-Tech Focus in Japan, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

Cong, Dachang IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-06-01 1999-06

Introduces the economic conditions and high-tech research and development scenarios in post-crisis Asia. Explores challenges and opportunities for American high tech industries. Discusses issues related to doing business with the Japanese and Chinese, including understanding management and the need for better cross-cultural training.Read More

working paper

Structural Gaiastu: International Finance and Political Change in Japan

Pempel, T.J. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-04-21 1999-04-21

Argues that the principal contributor to changes in Japan’s political economy is the decline of Japanese governmental control over capital flows and foreign exchange rates brought about by structural “gaiatsu”, or direct foreign pressure. Differs from previous analysis of gaiatsu by arguing that international capital and market forces generate gaiatsu, not foreign governments, and that […]Read More

working paper

Japan and a New International Security Paradigm

DiFilippo, Anthony IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-03-11 1999-03-11

Argues that Japan has the potential to be recognized as a post-Cold War superpower, but has not been able to do so because of a lack of military/nuclear power and its alignment with the U.S. Discusses two security options, developing an offensive-oriented military and creating a new security paradigm based on United Nations–centered security and […]Read More

working paper

Trade, Corporatism, Clusters, and Japan as Bellweather

Phillips, Fred Y. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-01-12 1999-02

Remarks on the trend toward corporatism in the U.S. and outlines the latest developments, namely the MAI treaty, and examines how what we know about Japanese business and society does and does not signal what we can expect from increased corporatism in the U.S. Speculates on the effect of the new corporatism of the OECD […]Read More

working paper

The Fallacy of Micro Foundation and Micro Fluctuations

Chen, Ping IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-02-01 1999-02

Argues that there is no micro foundation for microeconomic fluctuations, or business cycles, based on the law of large numbers in probability theory and statistical mechanics. Discusses the Lucas model of rational expectations as inconsistent with the efficient market hypotheses because arbitrage activities in financial markets can eliminate the intertemporal substitution effect to the macro […]Read More

working paper

The Politics of Sustainable Development in Japan

Park, Jacob IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-01-28 1999-01-28

Discusses three important questions and issues regarding Japan’s role in global environmental affairs: how the environmental movement has evolved in Japan; what the country’s major environmental policy challenges are on the local-national, regional and global level; and, how Japanese companies are responding to the sustainability challenge. Describes unresolved sustainability questions facing Japan and how the […]Read More

working paper

Japanese Banking Reform: Will It Be In Time?

Sazanami, Yoko IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-11-05 1998-11-05

Discusses, as an interim report by an academic involved in the emergency policy package to stabilize the Japanese financial system, the objective of the capital injection to 21 banks in March 1998, the merger package and ultimate failure of the Long-term Credit Bank in September 1998 and current policy efforts to reform banks to meet […]Read More

working paper

Marketing’s War on Japanese Culture Memory

Lamont, Douglas IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-10-08 1998-10-08

Describes research showing how American brands come to dominate similar market segments in developed and emerging countries. Discusses recent evidence suggesting that product standardization and promotion adaptation, rather than standardization across marketing functions, earn profits worldwide and create value added within nations. Also, discusses new evidence from financial services suggesting that product standardization and price […]Read More

working paper

Zero TimeTM: A Conceptual Architecture for 21st Century Enterprises

Yeh, Raymond T.; Pearlson, Keri IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-06-01 1998-05-30

Discusses Zero Time, or manipulating time as an independent variable, as critical to any enterprise’s success in the 21st Century. Discusses five disciplines of a Zero Time organization (customer value driven, knowledgization, holonic management, zero resistance and inclusion) and how the disciplines result in instant customerization, meaning the needs of the customer are met as […]Read More

working paper

Future Business in Japan: Opportunities or Threats?

Krueger, Stanley P. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-04-01 1998-04

Describes the current state of Japan with an eye on the signs that show where the country is going, and how it may affect foreign businesses. Examines one established industry, aerospace, and one new industry, environmental, and identifies opportunities for American companies.Read More

working paper

On the Role of the University in the Knowledge Economy

Conceição, Pedro; Heitor, Manuel V. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-03-01 1998-02

Argues for changes in the traditional way of viewing economic growth and questions the role that contemporary institutions, specifically universities, play in this process. Shows, empirically, the increasing importance that knowledge is assuming in economic activity in developed countries. Outlines a new conceptual approach to economic growth, in which the accumulation of knowledge acts as […]Read More

working paper

Japanese Style Networks and Innovations in High-Technology Firms in Texas

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-11-01 1997-11

Discusses U.S.-Japanese competitiveness and how it might affect policy and the high-technology industry. Describes Japanese knowledge and spatial networks with a focus on their contribution to innovations. Discusses previous studies on the high-tech industry, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of different criteria used to classify firms as high-tech firms. Discusses an analysis of employment trends […]Read More

working paper

Synergy for the 21st Century: Between Unstructured Problems and Management Planning Controls

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-10-02 1997-10-27

In the plenary address to the INFORMS Dallas Fall 2007 conference for Operations Research and Management Sciences (OR/MS), discusses the synergy between OR/MS and digital technology. Describes historically and prospectively the synergy between OR/MS and new disciplines as well as other emerging societies, synergy between OR/MS and the technology chain and the issues and initiatives […]Read More

working paper

Perspectives on Business and Emerging Trends For the 21st Century

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-10-01 1997-10-16

In a presentation at the Fall 1997 CBA Advisory Dinner, discusses three mega business trends: (1) the transformation of high technology business from U.S. dominance to a global commodity-based industry, (2) the need for transfer of leadership from the public sector to the business sector, and (3) the emergence of the need for digital/knowledge management […]Read More

working paper

Building and Creating the Future of the South: Breakthrough Partnerships for the 21st Century

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-06-01 1997-06-23

In a presentation to the Southern Growth Policy Board’s 1997 Conference on the Future of the South, argues that partnership, including Public Private Partnerships, for the 21st century needs to be about winning combinations. Describes the change in resources that generate, prosperity, jobs and meaningful futures from natural endowments and geographic location to advanced technologies […]Read More

working paper

Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Initiative and the Politics of International Technology Collaboration

Corning, Gregory P. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-04-01 1997-04

Discusses Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) initiative, an international research program in manufacturing technology with the goal of developing a next-generation production system to maximize efficiency by integrating the entire range of business activity from order-booking through design, manufacture and distribution. Examines the role of techno-nationalism, foreign pressure, and scientific and technical factors in motivating […]Read More

working paper

Setting the Stage: Government-Industry Creation of the Japanese Fax Industry

Coopersmith, Jonathan IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-03-01 1997-03

Discusses the significance of the Japanese government’s role in the development of fax technology as a good model of how governments can influence the agents shaping technology. Describes how the Japanese government’s push on domestic fax manufacturers and telephone companies in the 1970s to create a common standard lead to the fax boom of the […]Read More

working paper

Beyond Beijing: The Course of Women’s Struggle for Equal Opportunity in Japan

Naff, Clayton IC² Institute Working Paper;WP-1997-02-01 1997-02

Discusses the opportunity for change in Japan towards a more gender-equitable system. Describes the role of women in Japan’s industrialization and development of its peculiar management system. Discusses the legal, corporate and external framework for workforce equality. Explains the role of the 1997 U.N. conference on women in Beijing in helping to spur on the […]Read More

working paper

How Visual Images Help Run Japanese Factories

Miller, Dr. Steven IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-01-01 1997-01

Discusses management and technical staff’s extensive use of visual images in the control system of Japanese factories to structure information so that everyone may understand the plan, execute it, identify errors and solve any problems related to performance gaps. Describes the control system, the plan-do-see (PDS) cycle, and the crucial role visual communications play in […]Read More

working paper

Opening Address to The Second World Conference on Integrated Design & Process Technology of the Society for Design & Process Science (SDPS)

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1996-12-01 1996-12-01

Discusses generational road maps and commercialization of science and technology. Describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, and the changes facing all five basic dimensions of society – economic, political, social, cultural and scientific/technological. Argues for the development of stronger linkages between academia, business and government as well as […]Read More

working paper

Generational Road Maps: Political, Economic, Scientific?

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1996-05-01 1996-05-24

In a commencement address to the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, for dealing with societal challenges and opportunities. Argues that audience members should, at an appropriate time, prepare themselves to accept […]Read More

working paper

Japanese Multimedia Industry Update

Sytles, Chris IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1996-03-01 1996-02

Discusses a new trend among Japan’s giant electronics and telecommunications companies and ministries: a concerted effort to develop a multimedia society like the one growing in the U.S. Describes efforts by Japanese computer and electronics conglomerates to promote multimedia by creating multimedia divisions, acquiring new media technology through joint ventures, and shifting from hardware to […]Read More

working paper

A Retrospective and Prospects of the Fifth Generation Computer Project

Ishikawa, Akira IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1993-09-05 1993-09

Report on the Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) project undertaken by the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in the period 1982-1992. The Fifth Generation Computer was developed using a framework of parallel processing and inference processing based on logic programming. The project received an investment of ¥54.15 billion ($416.54 million) and employed […]Read More

working paper

Committed Costs vs. Uncertainty in New Product Development

Phillips, Fred Y.; Srivastava, R. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1993-02-01 1993-01

Discusses the nature of committed and determined costs in a new product development project, and quantifies their relationship to project uncertainty. Introduces the concept of product, process, schedule and market (PPSM) intelligence and emphasizes its use for jointly considering marketing and production factors in project evaluation. Uses a discriminate function-based measure of information gain to […]Read More

working paper

Korea in the New World Order

Rostow, Walter W. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1991-04-02 1991-04

Working paper developed from a lecture presented in Seoul about the role of Korea in the New World Order. Summarizes the historical background of the concept of a New World Order and its evolution after the Gulf War of 1990-91. Describes the fundamental issue behind the New World Order as whether the global diffusion of […]Read More

working paper

Chance-Constrained Efficiency Analysis

Land, Kenneth C.; Lovell, C. A. Knox; Thore, Sten IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1990-01-02 1990-01

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is extended to the case of stochastic inputs and outputs through the use of chance-constrained programming. The chance-constrained envelope envelops a given set of observations "most of the time." We show that the chance-constrained enveloping process leads to the definition of a conventional (certainty-equivalent) efficiency ratio (a ratio between weighted outputs […]Read More

working paper

Estimation of the Time Path of the Supply Price of an Exhaustible Resource: The Case of Oil and Natural Gas

Thore, Sten; Sinha, Kingshuk K. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1988-06-03 1988-06

Explores the interplay of geopolitical, economic, geological and operational factors that may disrupt the gradual upwards shift of the supply price of non-replenishable resources, specifically oil and natural gas. Describes the econometric identification of the supply price curve for oil and gas in the U.S. using two alternative independent variables: total footage drilled and number […]Read More

working paper

The Austin/San Antonio Corridor: The Dynamics of a Developing Technopolis

Smilor, Raymond W.; Kozmetsky, George; Gibson, David V. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1987-03-01 1987-03

Examination of the factors contributing to the development of the Austin/San Antonio corridor as a high-technology center in the years 1945-1986. The paper uses a conceptual framework called the Technopolis Wheel, which identifies seven segments as fundamental in regional high-tech growth: university, large and small technology companies, state-local-and federal government, and support groups (e.g. chambers […]Read More

working paper

Impacts of Deregulation on Performance and Management of the Largest American Transportation Companies

Ruefli, Timothy W. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1986-02-04 1986-01

The effects of the past quarter century of deregulation on the transportation industry in the United States are many and varied. Impacts have been felt at the level of the industry as a whole, at the level of mode-based industry sub-groups, and at the level of individual firms. Analyses and depictions of these impacts have […]Read More

working paper

Transforming Texas and the Nation: Productivity Through Entrepreneurship and Risk-taking

Kozmetsky, George; Smilor, Raymond W. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1983-09-01 1983-09

The authors call for the state of Texas to meet 25% of its need for new job creation through technology venturing, which they estimate to be 42,500 jobs per year or 820,000 new jobs over twenty years. In order to achieve this goal, they propose a number of measures: the expansion of Federal defense R&D […]Read More