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article

A Call to the Engineering Community to Address Human Trafficking

Caulkins, Jonathan P.; Kammer-Kerwick, Matt; Konrad, Renata; Maass, Kaysee Lee; Martin, Lauren; and Sharkey, Thomas 2019-09-19

Human trafficking (HT) is a horrific and seemingly intractable problem that is typically construed as falling beyond the purview of engineers. This paper argues that engineering systems analysis can produce important insights concerning HT operations and ways to reduce its frequency. Three cases of such systems analysis illustrate (a) the… Read More

article

Austin, Boston, Silicon Valley, and New York: Case studies in the location choices of entrepreneurs in maintaining the Technopolis

Stephens, Bryan; Butler, John; Garg, Rajiv; Gibson, David. 2019-06-15

Using institutional theory as a guiding framework, this study operationalized the “Technopolis” wheel, an innovative framework for understanding the factors and institutional structures and connections that are critical to developing and sustaining geographically concentrated technology clusters. We analyzed four established ecosystems (Silicon Valley, Austin, Boston, and New York) for technology… Read More

article

Articulating Problems and Markets: A Translation Analysis of Entrepreneurs’ Emergent Value Propositions

Spinuzzi, Clay; Altounian, David; Pogue, Gregory P.; Zhu, Lily; Cochran, Robert 2018-07-18

In this qualitative study, the authors apply Callon’s sociology of translation to examine how new technology entrepreneurs enact material arguments that involve the first two moments of translation—problematization (defining a market problem) and interessement (defining a market and the firm’s relationship to it) – which in turn are represented in… Read More

book

A Civic Entrepreneur: The Life of Technology Visionary George Kozmetsky

Jones, Monty 2018-05

This biography details the life and career of George Kozmetsky, the founder of the IC² Institute. Throughout his career as an industrialist, educator, visionary supporter of new technologies, advocate for worldwide economic development, and philanthropist, George Kozmetsky promoted constructive interactions among the worlds of academia, government, and private-sector business. He… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Spring/Summer 2017

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2017-07

Spring/summer 2017 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Austin Technology Incubator works with Austin Community College to establish ACC Bioscience Incubator; ATI hosts first Solar Data Reverse Hackathon; Bureau of Business Research and IDVSA release report on Cultivating Learning & Safe Environments (CLASE) across the… Read More

conference paper

Chasing Entrepreneurial Firms

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Feldman, Maryann 2017-05-17

The search for a reliable dataset of entrepreneurial firms is ongoing. We analyze and assess longitudinal data on startups from two data sources—the National Establishment Time-Series (NETS) database and the Secretary of State (SOS) business registry data. Our primary purpose in this paper is to assess the usefulness and reliability… Read More

article

Introduction to Special Issue on the Rhetoric of Entrepreneurship

Spinuzzi, Clay 2017-04

Introduction to a special issue of the Journal of Business and Technical Communication on the rhetoric of entrepreneurship. The author introduces basic definitions and concepts from the field of entrepreneurship, then identifies three issues linking rhetoric to entrepreneurship: rhetoric and identity; rhetoric, culture, and community; and rhetoric and persuasion. Read More

technical report

Cultivating Learning and Safe Environments: An Empirical Study of Prevalence and Perceptions of Sexual Harassment, Stalking, Dating/Domestic Abuse and Violence, and Unwanted Sexual Contact

Busch-Armendariz, Noël B.; Wood, Leila; Kammer-Kerwick, Matt; Kellison, J. Bruce; Sulley, Caitlyn; Westbrook, Lynn; Olaya-Rodriguez, Deidi; Hill, Kathleen; Wachter, Karin; Wang, Alexander; McClain, T’Shana; Hoefer, Sharon 2017-03

The Cultivating Learning and Safe Environments (CLASE) (pronounced ‘class’) project is a research study about University of Texas System students’ experiences with sexual harassment, stalking, dating/domestic abuse and violence, and unwanted sexual contact. As part of the study, the University of Texas System conducted the most in-depth survey of sexual… Read More

technical report

Texas Public Libraries: Economic Benefits and Return on Investment, 2017

Jarrett, James E. 2017-01

Public libraries in the State of Texas provide significant economic benefits for their communities. Collectively, in FY2015, Texas public libraries were found to provide $2.628 billion in benefits while costing $566 million, a return on investment of $4.64 for each dollar. A data-intensive research design was developed to document and… Read More

technical report

Texas Military Department: Economic Impacts in 2015

Jarrett, James E.; Lewandowski, Brian 2017-01

This study analyzes the economic and fiscal impacts of expenditures by the Texas Military Department for federal FY2015, October 1, 2014 through September 2015. These impacts are analyzed and reported for Texas statewide, for different categories of expenditures, and for local Texas communities where the Texas Military Forces (Texas Army… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Fall/Winter 2016

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2016-12-19

Fall/winter 2016 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Austin Technology Incubator graduating class receives over $220 million in funding; ATI nets support for student entrepreneurship: Blackstone LaunchPad and SEAL expansion; FASTForward Austin: acceleration for small business entrepreneurs; Austin entrepreneurship study moves ahead; XLr8 Andhra Pradesh:… Read More

technical report

Human Trafficking by the Numbers: The Initial Benchmark of Prevalence and Economic Impact for Texas

Busch-Armendariz, Noël; Nale, Nicole L.; Kammer-Kerwick, Matt; Kellison, J. Bruce; Torres, Melissa I.M.; Cook-Heffron, Laurie; Nehme, John 2016-12

Report from the Statewide Human Trafficking Mapping Project of Texas, a collaboration among the Institute on Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault (IDVSA) and the Bureau of Business Research at The University of Texas at Austin as well as Allies Against Slavery. The study found that there are more than 300,000… Read More

technical report

Sustainable Wellbeing in Belize: The Challenge of Diabetes

Wright, Erinn 2016-12

The purpose of this paper is to explore the dimensions of diabetes in Belize and its impact on sustainable wellbeing. Diabetes is the leading cause of death in Belize, with many contributing factors. The author identifies some of those factors as well as governmental and non-governmental efforts to reduce them. Read More

technical report

The "Science" of Prediction: A Battery of Blind Back-Dated Validation Tests of PredictionWorks' New Venture Assessment System

Butler, John Sibley; Cadenhead, Gary M. 2016-11-01

This report examines the results of a research partnership between PredictionWorks, a private firm, and The University of Texas at Austin (McCombs School of Business and the IC² Institute). PredictionWorks' New Venture Assessor is an assessment system which attempts to predict the success of new ventures based on their business… Read More

book

Rise of Rural Consumers in Developing Countries

Mahajan, Vijay 2016-10

This is the first comprehensive book highlighting the expanding consumer power of rural markets in developing countries. It takes a close look at one of the key stories in emerging markets: the untapped potential of the world’s 3.4 billion rural consumers — 90 percent of whom live in Asia and… Read More

article

Empirical Evidence on the Use of Credit Scoring for Predicting Insurance Losses with Psycho-social and Biochemical Explanations

Golden, Linda L.; Brockett, Patrick L.; Ai, Jing; Kellison, J. Bruce 2016-09

An important development in personal lines of insurance in the United States is the use of credit history data for insurance risk classification to predict losses. This research presents the results of collaboration with industry conducted by a university at the request of its state legislature. The purpose was to… Read More

IC² Institute Update, Spring/Summer 2016

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2016-05

Spring/summer 2016 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: entrepreneurial ecosystems and the Innovation Reef model; Kauffman Foundation funds new research on Austin’s entrepreneurial ecosystem; India Innovation Growth Program has $814 million impact; Austin Technology Incubator announces the opening of ATI Water; ATI partnership with Austin… Read More

book

Thirst for Power: Energy, Water, and Human Survival

Webber, Michael E. 2016-04

Although it is widely understood that energy and water are the world’s two most critical resources, their vital interconnections and vulnerabilities are less often recognized. This farsighted book offers a new, holistic way of thinking about energy and water — a big-picture approach that reveals the interdependence of the two… Read More

article

A Top-Down and Bottom-Up Approach to Improve Regional Innovation Ecosystems in Portugal

Resende, David N.; Bravo, Marco 2016-03

This article presents the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN), a successful program that built a national innovation network in Portugal based in the university technology transfer offices (TTOs), incubators and science parks. UTEN, which was launched in March 2007, includes 15 Portuguese universities and select international partners in a 5-year… Read More

conference paper

A Good Idea is Not Enough: Understanding the Challenges of Entrepreneurship Communication

Spinuzzi, Clay; Jakobs, Eva-Maria; Pogue, Gregory P. 2016-01

This paper addresses a less-investigated issue of innovations: entrepreneurship communication. Business and marketing studies demonstrate that new product development processes do not succeed on good technical invention alone. To succeed, the invention must be appropriately communicated to a market and iterated through dialogue with potential stakeholders. We explore this issue… Read More

article

How Magnets Attract and Repel: Interessement in a Technology Commercialization Competition

Spinuzzi, Clay; Nelson, Scott; Thomson, Keela S.; Lorenzini, Francesca; French, Rosemary A.; Pogue, Gregory P.; London, Noelle 2016-01

K6015, a South Korean firm seeking to commercialize its magnet technology in the US market, entered a technology commercialization training program structured as a competition. Through this program, K6015 (and others in the program) used several genres to progressively interest different sets of stakeholders. To understand how K6015 applied these… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Fall/Winter 2015

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2015-11-09

Fall/winter 2015 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: IC² Institute activities in Colombia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Korea, Mexico, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, and Turkey; the Austin Technology Incubator Start-up Library; ATI's Student Entrepreneur Acceleration and Launch (SEAL) program; the Student Entrepreneurship Fellowship (SEF) program, and a… Read More

Technical report

Technology Entrepreneurship in Indonesia and Kenya

Eaton, David J.; Leist, Alexander LBJ School Policy Research Project;183 2015-07

During 2014-2015, the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs (LBJ School) and the IC² Institute of The University of Texas at Austin, in cooperation with National Instruments unit Planet NI, conducted two experiments to facilitate technology transfer to encourage entrepreneurship and economic development in Indonesia and Kenya. The “Technology… Read More

technical report

Health and Well-Being: Texas Statewide Sexual Assault Prevalence Study

Busch-Armendariz, Noël B.; Olaya-Rodriguez, Deidi; Kammer-Kerwick, Matt; Wachter, Karin; Sulley, Caitlin; Anderson, Kathleen; Huslage, Melody 2015-08

Final report from a study conducted in 2015 on the prevalence of sexual assault in Texas. The study was based on a statewide telephone survey conducted in English and Spanish using a randomly selected, representative sample of 1,203 adult Texans. The report presents descriptive findings on sexual assault prevalence, health… Read More

technical report

Educating Belize: Challenges and Opportunities for the Future

Weigand, Madison; Gibson, David V. 2015-08

Report on the current state of the Belizean educational system and recommendations for reforms. Written under the auspices of the Bridging Disciplines Programs at The University of Texas at Austin with mentor David V. Gibson of the IC² Institute. Read More

technical report

Belize: Decoding the Census

Munoz, Ilse; Gibson, David V. 2015-08

Report on demographic, social, and economic trends in Belize based on the 2010 Census. Written under the auspices of the Bridging Disciplines Programs at The University of Texas at Austin with mentor David V. Gibson of the IC² Institute. Read More

conference paper

How Do Entrepreneurs Hone Their Pitches?

Spinuzzi, Clay; Pogue, Gregory P.; Nelson, R. Scott; Thomson, Keela S.; Lorenzini, Francesca; French, Rosemary A.; Burback, Sidney D.; Momberger, Joel 2015-07

Technology innovators must pitch their technology and its business value to potential buyers, partners, and distributors: to make claims that will create interest in the appropriate audiences and offer evidence that those audiences recognize as credible and applicable. Such pitches typically involve a spoken presentation and a slide deck, both… Read More

conference paper

Understanding the Value Proposition as a Co-Created Claim

London, Noelle; Pogue, Gregory P.; Spinuzzi, Clay 2015-07

In this paper, the authors examine five cases of technology commercialization in terms of how entrepreneurs advance a specific kind of claim: the value proposition. The value proposition can describe the characteristics of the innovation itself (Goods-Dominant Logic) or propose how the innovation will cocreate value with stakeholders (Service-Dominant Logic);… Read More

conference paper

Co-creation by Commenting: Participatory Ways to Write Quicklook® Reports

Jakobs, Eva-Maria; Spinuzzi, Clay; Digmayer, Claas; Pogue, Gregory P. 2015-07

The authors examined comments in revisions of 24 Quicklook® reports that were written to provide market feedback to entrepreneurs. Most Quicklook reports underwent a revision cycle, and the number of comments per draft varied considerably. Based on this analysis, commenting was frequently used to provide revision guidance from staff to… Read More

book

The Entrepreneurial University

Foss, Lene; Gibson, David V. (eds.) Routledge Studies in Innovation, Organizations and Technology 2015-05-27

Global recessions and structural economic shifts are motivating government and business leaders worldwide to increasingly look to “their” universities to stimulate regional development and to contribute to national competiveness. The challenge is clear and the question is pressing: How will universities respond? The Entrepreneurial University: Context and Institutional Change presents… Read More

technical report

Economic Impact of the Cleantech Sector in the Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos MSA

Baireuther, Kathleen; Field, Ryan R.; Kelsey, Brian; Jacobson, Mitch; King, John; Brauner, Helen 2015-05-27

Economic impact report for the clean technology sector in central Texas, commissioned by CleanTX and supported by the Austin Technology Incubator and Civic Analytics. The study finds that the cleantech sector in the Austin region directly employs nearly 20,000 individuals and contributes approximately $2.5 billion to the region's GDP. In… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Spring/Summer 2015

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2015-05-15

Spring/summer 2015 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: IC² Institute activities in Colombia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Portugal, Singapore, South Korea, and Turkey; reports from the 2015 IC² Institute Fellows meeting and SXSW Interactive; emerging IC² Institute collaboration with Shreveport, Louisiana; the National Science Foundation I-Corps;… Read More

book

Diagnostics for a Globalized World

Thore, Sten; Tarverdyan, Ruzanna 2015-04-29

How do you gauge the accomplishments of policy and its failures? While a number of nations are successful in optimizing a socio-economic welfare function, others are woefully falling short of the optimal frontier. Diagnostics for a Globalized World proposes a reformulation of the inherited theory of economic and social policy… Read More

other

IC² Institute Fellows Directory 2015

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin 2015-04-27

Biographical and contact information for the IC² Institute Fellows. Compiled on the occasion of the biannual IC² Institute Fellows Meeting in Austin, Texas, April 24-25, 2015. Read More

article

Who Regulates It? Water Policy and Hydraulic Fracturing in Texas

Cook, Margaret A.; Huber, Karen L.; Webber, Michael E. 2015-04

Hydraulic fracturing, the injection of a pressurized fluid mixture of mostly water, sand and a small amount of chemicals (frac fluids), increases extraction rates and recovery of oil or gas. The technique has become increasingly popular when used in combination with horizontal drilling, especially in Texas shale formations. Hydraulic fracturing… Read More

article

The Energy-Water Nexus: An Analysis and Comparison of Various Conjurations Integrating Desalination with Renewable Power

Gold, Gary M.; Webber, Michael E. 2015-04

This investigation studies desalination powered by wind and solar energy, including a study of a configuration using PVT solar panels. First, a water treatment was developed to estimate the power requirement for brackish groundwater reverse-osmosis (BWRO) desalination. Next, an energy model was designed to (1) size a wind farm based… Read More

article

Remaking the Pitch: Reuse Strategies in Entrepreneurs' Pitch Decks

Spinuzzi, Clay; Nelson, Scott; Thomson, Keela S.; Lorenzini, Francesca; French, Rosemary A.; Pogue, Gregory; Burback, Sidney D.; Momberger, Joel 2015-03

Examination of how Korean entrepreneurs in an entrepreneurship program revised their English-language slide decks for their competitive presentations (“pitches”) by reusing content from professional communication genres, including their own documents and feedback from potential stakeholders in their target markets. Research question: As entrepreneurs learn to pitch ideas to unfamiliar markets,… Read More

technical report

An Assessment of Mental Health Services for Veterans in the State of Texas

Eaton, David; Hornbach, Rebecca; Marcotte, Lauren; Read, Lindsay 2015

This report describes the complex challenges faced by veterans and their families in seeking, navigating, and attaining adequate mental health care in Texas. There are 1.7 million veterans in Texas, comprising 8.6 percent of the adult population. According to the U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs (VA), the number of veterans… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Fall/Winter 2014

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2014-12-05

Fall/Winter 2014 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: news from IC² Institute programs in Colombia, India, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Portugal, South Korea, and Turkey; IC² Institute Fellow Meg Wilson on women and STEM; new applications for Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA); reports on the Converting Technology to… Read More

book

Texas Trade and Professional Association Directory 2014

Kellison, J. Bruce 2014-09

The 2014 Texas Trade and Professional Associations Directory is now available from the Bureau of Business Research at The University of Texas at Austin. The 2014 edition contains listings for more than 1000 organizations, including 600 that are new or updated since the 2011 volume was published. Most entries include… Read More

technical report

Texas Moving Image Industry Incentive Program: 2014 Update

Kellison, J. Bruce; Jarrett, James E. 2014-09

This study updates the 2011 "Texas Moving Image Incentive Program: The Economic Benefits from Incentives" study from the Bureau of Business Research. It finds that there are economic benefits (direct and indirect) totaling $1.3 billion for the Texas economy from the $74.8 million that the Incentive Program spent on moving… Read More

article

Making the Pitch: Examining Dialogue and Revisions in Entrepreneurs’ Pitch Decks

Spinuzzi, Clay; Nelson, Scott; Thomson, Keela S.; Lorenzini, Francesca; French, Rosemary A.; Pogue, Gregory; Burback, Sidney D.; Momberger, Joel 2014-09

Examination of how Korean entrepreneurs in an entrepreneurship program revised their slide decks for their presentations ("pitches") in response to professional communication genres representing feedback from potential stakeholders in their target markets. Research questions: As entrepreneurs learn to pitch ideas to unfamiliar markets, how do they revise their slide… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Spring/Summer 2014

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin 2014-07

Spring/Summer 2014 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: the Austin Technology Incubator graduating class of 2014; ATI impact study; Federal projects; Bureau of Business Research Survey of Texas Black-owned Businesses; new “Converting Technology to Wealth” intensive course in technology commercialization; 3 Day Startup (3DS); and… Read More

technical report

Survey of Texas Black-owned Businesses

Kellison, J. Bruce; Kerwick, Matt; Butler, John Sibley 2014-06-19

Report on the state of black-owned businesses in Texas, based on demographic data and a statewide survey of black business owners. Read More

article

The Cost of Water vs. the Cost of Energy

Barchas, Isaac; Jacobson, Mitch; Webber, Michael E. 2014-03-29

The price dynamics of energy and water in Texas might be about to change. Historically, planners have assumed that the price of energy is volatile and trending up, while the price of water is stable and low. However, current trends in technology, demography, and Texas’ natural environment may mean that… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal CoLab Annual Report 2012-2013

Bravo, Marco; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2014-01

Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2012-2013. Sections cover CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, Advanced Computing, and Emerging Technologies (nanotechnology). CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of… Read More

technical report

UTEN Annual Report 2013

Bravo, Marco; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2013-12

Annual report covering the 2013 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). Read More

technical report

Belize: At the Crossroads

Castellanos, Osvaldo 2013-12

Report on assets and challenges for sustainable development in Belize. Written under the auspices of the Bridging Disciplines Programs at The University of Texas at Austin with mentor David V. Gibson of the IC² Institute. Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Fall 2013

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin 2013-10

Fall, 2013, issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: 2013 Fellows Meeting; social physics; history of entrepreneurial development in Austin; the 25th anniversary of the Austin Technology Incubator; TechBA Expo of Mexican businesses; UTEN Portugal program; new technologies from India; and recent IC² Institute publications. Read More

article

Measuring Business Related Ethicality Globally: Cultural Emic or Etic?

Rogers, Mary M.; Peterson, Robert A.; Albaum, Austin G. International Journal of Management and Marketing Research 2013-05

When conducting or evaluating cross-cultural/cross-national research studies a critical question must be asked about the measurements: are they culturally an emic or etic? That is, is the research methodology culturally bound or culture free? The research described in this paper shows how etic and emic properties may be explored by… Read More

book

The Texas Way: Money, Power, Politics, and Ambition at the University

Cunningham, William H.; Jones, Monty 2013-04

This engaging memoir details Bill Cunningham’s seven years as president of the University of Texas at Austin and his eight years as chancellor of the UT System. Along the way, he relates accounts of the important issues UT faced during that time, including fraternity hazing, affirmative action, the demise of… Read More

working paper

Sustaining The Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas 1988-2012

Gibson, David V.; Butler, John Sibley IC2 Institute Working Papers;WP-2013-02-01 2013-02

Update and elaboration of the 1988 Journal of Business Venturing article "Creating the Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas" which emphasized the role of key influencers, institutions and networks that made possible Austin’s extraordinary technology-based growth. Elaborates the "Technopolis Wheel" framework to better reflect challenges and opportunities as well as… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal Digital Media Annual Report 2011-2012

Strover, Sharon; Gustafson, Karen 2013-01

Annual report for the Digital Media section of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2011-2012. Sections cover CoLab Digital Media's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin and the Portuguese… Read More

technical report

UTEN Progress Report 2012

Gibson, David V.; Bravo, Marco 2012-12

Cumulative report on the 2007-2012 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). Read More

technical report

Texas Public Libraries: Economic Benefits and Return on Investment

Jarrett, James E.; Kuipers, Rebecca 2012-12

Report examining the economic benefits of Texas public libraries. Includes 40 case profiles of specific libraries’ activities which benefit businesses, business organizations, self-employed individuals, employees, and job seekers. In 2011 Texas public libraries collectively were found to provide $2.407 billion in benefits while costing less than $0.545 billion, a return… Read More

conference proceedings

futureplaces Doctoral Symposium 2012

Alvelos, Heitor; Gustafson, Karen 2012-10-17

Slides and posters by Portuguese PhD students in the Digital Media doctoral programs associated with the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Presented at the futureplaces Digital Media Festival in Porto, Portugal, on October 17, 2012. Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Fall 2012

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin 2012-10

Fall, 2012, issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: IC² Innovation Readiness Series; the UT Austin|Portugal program and UTEN; IC² partnership with Ruta N in Colombia; the Austin Technology Incubator's graduating class of 21 companies; recent IC² Institute publications; and the legacy of IC² Endowed Fellow… Read More

technical report

Survey of Texas Hispanic-owned Businesses with Paid Employees

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie; Kellison, J. Bruce 2012-08-17

This report analyzes a survey of 2,811 Texas Hispanic-owned firms with paid employees conducted in 2011. The findings presented here build on results from the 2007 Survey of Business Owners (U.S. Census Bureau) and identify challenges to growth among Texas Hispanic-owned firms with employees. These firms were responsible for the… Read More

book

The Innovation Butterfly: Managing Emergent Opportunities and Risks During Distributed Innovation

Anderson, Edward G., Jr.; Joglekar, Nitin G. 2012-06

“Product and service innovations are the result of mutually interacting creative and coordination tasks within a system that has to balance technical decisions, marketplace taste, personnel management, and stakeholder commitment. The constituent elements of such systems are often scattered across multiple firms and across the globe and constitute a complex… Read More

article

Application Driven Theory: Rigorously Combining Applied and Basic Research Relevant to Accounting and Marketing

Golden, Linda L.; Cooper, William W.; Brockett, Patrick L. 2012-01

In this editorial, the authors argue that accounting and marketing research can be both practically relevant and theoretically well-grounded, if a paradigm of application driven theory is adopted and rigorously applied. They distinguish between two dichotomies characterizing research, (1) basic vs. non-basic research and (2) applied vs. pure research. They… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal CoLab Annual Report 2010-2011

Gibson, David V.; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2012-01

Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2010-2011. Sections cover CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin… Read More

technical report

UTEN Annual Report 2011

Bravo, Marco; Gibson, David V. 2011-12

Annual report covering the 2011 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). Read More

conference proceedings

UT Austin|Portugal Digital Media Doctoral Symposium 2011

Strover, Sharon; Gustafson, Karen 2011-12-03

Slides and posters by Portuguese PhD students in the Digital Media doctoral programs associated with the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Presented at the University of Texas at Austin on December 3, 2011. Read More

conference proceedings

futureplaces Doctoral Symposium 2011

Alvelos, Heitor; Gustafson, Karen 2011-10-11

Slides and posters by Portuguese PhD students in the Digital Media doctoral programs associated with the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Presented at the futureplaces Digital Media Festival in Porto, Portugal, on October 21, 2011. Read More

technical report

Facility Feasibility Study for Wet-Laboratory Incubator in Austin, TX

WalkerPeach, Cindy R. 2011-07-31

Feasibility study for the development of a wet-laboratory incubator in Austin, Texas, conducted by the Austin Technology Incubator. Constitutes the final report for Economic Development Administration Grant F08-06-04600. Investigates the hypothesis that, due to a shortage of commercial wet laboratories in the Austin area, the creation of a wet-lab space… Read More

other

The ISDT Experience and History: Gary Chapman International School on Digital Transformation

Strover, Sharon; Gustafson, Karen 2011-07

Report on the activities of the Gary Chapman International School on Digital Transformation (ISDT) held in Porto, Portugal each summer from 2009-2011. ISDT was a project of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). It was an immersive residential school that brought together emerging and established scholars, entrepreneurs, social activists, and other… Read More

technical report

Sexual Assault Needs Assessment in Texas: Documenting Existing Conditions and Striving Toward Preferred Outcomes

Busch-Armendariz, Noël B.; Vohra-Gupta, Shetal; Kellison, J. Bruce; Jarrett, James E.; Cook-Heffron, Laurie; Kalergis, Karen; Osiantynski, Shoshi; Jones, Amy; Terwilliger, Leeann 2011-06

A comprehensive needs assessment of sexual assault services for adult victims in Texas, based on interviews and surveys of victims, the professionals that assist them, and statewide leaders. The report estimates that the State of Texas spends approximately $42.8 million on services for victims of adult sexual assault every year,… Read More

book

Global Perspectives on Technology Transfer and Commercialization: Building Innovative Ecosystems

Butler, John Sibley; Gibson, David V. 2011-05-11

As we move further into the 21st century, increasing emphasis is being placed on the importance of technology transfer. Through new research and practices, scholars, practitioners and policymakers have made great strides in broadening our understanding and ability to implement technology transfer and commercialization processes. The fruit of that research… Read More

technical report

Texas Moving Image Incentive Program: The Economic Benefits from Incentives

Jarrett, James E.; Kellison, J. Bruce 2011-04

This study analyzes the economic and fiscal impacts of the $80 million Texas Moving Image Industry Incentive Program. The incentive program was created to encourage companies, producers, and small businesses to choose Texas over other states when selecting sites for their film, television, commercial, and video game productions. See also… Read More

journal

Texas TV, Film and Video Game Incentives: Fast Forward to Big Economic Impact

Jarrett, James E.; Kellison, J. Bruce Texas Business Review 2011-04

State economic development incentive programs are significant factors when attracting film, TV, commericials and video game producers to a state. This article summarizes the findings of an economic impact analysis that was performed in the late 2010 and early 2011 for the Texas Associaton of Business that focused on the… Read More

book

Texas Trade and Professional Associations Directory 2011

Kellison, J. Bruce 2011

The new 2011 Texas Trade and Professional Associations Directory is now available from the Bureau of Business Research at The University of Texas at Austin. The 2011 edition contains 1076 entries, over 200 more than the previous edition, and is available in book or electronic form. Most entries include up-to-date… Read More

technical report

Texas Emergency Services Districts in High Growth Areas

Jarrett, James E.; Anchondo, J. Jorge 2011-02

Assessment of financial and operational outlooks for Emergency Service Districts (ESDs) in rapidly growing areas of Texas. The study finds that a category of medium and large ESDs in high-growth areas face significant challenges because of increasing demands for service without an opportunity to raise additional revenues. It identifies statutory… Read More

journal

Texas CAPCO and Economic Growth

Trybula, Walt; Mak, Simon; Casselberry, Craig Texas Business Review 2011-02

The CAPCO program can best be described as a strategic public/private partnership that leverages private capital to fund sustainable small business growth. The policy intent was to drive capital in ways that would overcome market failures and strive to counteract geographic and socioeconomic barriers. In order to estimate the value… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal CoLab Annual Report 2009-2010

Gibson, David V.; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2011-01

Annual reports for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2009-2010. Sections cover CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin… Read More

technical report

Title Insurance Regulation in Texas: Challenges and Opportunities

Eaton, David J. Policy Research Project;171 2011

Report on title insurance practices in the U.S. and Canada prepared for the Texas Department of Insurance and the Texas Legislature. The report includes chapters evaluating title policy coverage, prices, and losses by state; the federal roles regarding title insurance; comparisons of title regulation among states; and sets of recommendations… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal CoLab Year 4 Report to the External Review Committee

Gibson, David V.; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2010-12

Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Covers CoLab's 2010 educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin and the Portuguese Foundation… Read More

technical report

UTEN Annual Report 2009-2010

Gibson, David V.; Bravo, Marco 2010-12

Annual report covering the 2009-2010 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). Read More

journal

Connecting the Dots: Expanding Economic Opportunity in Texas Through Public-Private Partnerships

Baylor, Don; Rosen, Laura; Helmcamp, Leslie Texas Business Review 2010-12

More than ever, innovative and hard-working Texans need efficient and effective systems that promote economic mobility and opportunity. Currently, Texas faces two major public policy challenges. The first is that many Texans are outside the financial mainstream with subpar credit scores, low-wage income, and limited avenues for economic mobility. The… Read More

article

Making Sense of Health Information Technology Implementation: A Qualitative Study Protocol

Kitzmiller, Rebecca R.; Anderson, Ruth A.; McDaniel, Reuben R. Jr 2010-11-29

Background: Implementing new practices, such as health information technology (HIT), is often difficult due to the disruption of the highly coordinated, interdependent processes (e.g., information exchange, communication, relationships) of providing care in hospitals. Thus, HIT implementation may occur slowly as staff members observe and make sense of unexpected disruptions in… Read More

book

The Development of University-Based Entrepreneurship Ecosystems: Global Practices

Fetters, Michael L.; Greene, Patricia G.; Rice, Mark P.; Butler, John Sibley (eds.) 2010-10

Entrepreneurship and innovation are increasingly viewed as key contributors to global economic and social development. University-based entrepreneurship ecosystems provide a supportive context in which entrepreneurship and innovation can thrive. In that vein, this book provides critical insight based on cutting-edge analyses of how to frame, design, launch, and sustain efforts… Read More

journal

Texas Venture Capital Programs: Recommendations for Taxpayer Profits and Improved Accountability

Schmisseur, Dan; Overmoyer, Rich Texas Business Review 2010-10

Since 2005, state taxpayers have provided nearly $600 million for two venture capital programs: the Texas Emerging Technology Fund (TETF) and the Texas Certified Capital Company Program (CAPCO). Both programs make investments in small companies that use the capital to make payroll and strategic investments that will lead to economic… Read More

journal

Pollution Abatement Spending and Corporate Profitability: Texas Manufacturing

Fujii, Hidemichi; Kellison, J. Bruce; Gibson, David V. Texas Business Review 2010-08

Manufacturing firms are generally on the front lines of environmental protection because most industrial pollution is a result of manufacturing activity. The problem is that firms do not have strong incentives for pollution abatement because they see it as an additional cost and investment in nonproductive activity. This article focuses… Read More

journal

Texas Workforce Investments: Returns for Participants, Taxpayers, and Society

King, Christopher T.; Tang, Ying; Smith, Tara Carter; Schroeder, Daniel G. Texas Business Review 2010-06

The Texas workforce development system strives to ensure that employers, individuals, and communities have the opportunity to achieve and sustain economic prosperity. The demands on this system will increase as the state's workforce, currently over 11 million, continues to diversify and grow. To help policymakers, funders, and program staff better… Read More

journal

Government Transparency: Trends in Texas

Kirkham, Lara; Chapman, Gary Texas Business Review 2010-04

In 2006, Texas initiated what would become a nationwide movement toward increased state government financial transparency by posting detailed records of the Governor's office expenses online. Since then, Texas has remained a leader in the development of web-based tools for information exchange between government and citizens. The challenge for Texas… Read More

book

Energy and Innovation: Structural Change and Policy Implications

van Geenhuizen, Marina; Nuttall, W. J.; Gibson, David; Oftedal, Elin International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2010

The move towards sustainable energy production and use is one of the most challenging and profound changes currently taking place in the world’s established and emerging economies. Energy and Innovation presents a series of informative case studies from Norway, the United Kingdom, Poland, the United States, Russia, Japan, and China… Read More

technical report

IC² Institute: Creating Wealth & Jobs

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin 2010-02

Insert to the Texas Business Journal detailing the contribution of the IC² Institute and its component programs. Read More

journal

Texas Wind Industry's Rapid Growth Creates New Challenges

Furgeson, Will Texas Business Review 2010-02

In the past decade, Texas began to harness some of its abundant wind potential and, in the process, became an international wind energy leader. The state currently accounts for more than 25 percent of installed wind energy capacity in the United States. But for the first time since 2006, the… Read More

conference proceedings

futureplaces Festival Proceedings 2009

Alvelos, Heitor; Gustafson, Karen 2010-01

Proceedings of the futureplaces Digital Media Festival held in Porto, Portugal, in October 2009. The futureplaces festival was a project of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) focused on the theme of digital media and local cultures. Read More

technical report

Extending Medicare to Mexico: Impact on Mexican-Born Beneficiaries

Warner, David C. Policy Research Project;168 2010

This report presents the results of a policy research project conducted during the 2009-2010 academic year that examined the availability of health coverage in Mexico for Mexican-born persons who are or soon will be Medicare beneficiaries. This project included developing a questionnaire in English and Spanish and administering it to… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal CoLab Annual Report 2008-2009

Gibson, David V.; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2009-12

Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2008-2009. Covers CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin and… Read More

technical report

UTEN Annual Report 2008-2009

Gibson, David V.; Bravo, Marco 2009-12

Annual report covering the 2008-2009 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). Read More

journal

The Texas-Mexico Trade Corridor

Lawrence, F. Barry Texas Business Review 2009-12

The U.S.-Mexico relationship has been rocky for some time, and there is little doubt that the current recession has made matters worse. The relationship between the two countries has been strained by competition for jobs, infrastructure issues, security concerns, and a general misunderstanding of the value of the relationship. The… Read More

journal

Shaping Health Reform for the US-Mexico Border Region

Homedes, Núria; Ugalde, Antonio Texas Business Review 2009-10

There is no area in the U.S. where improving health coverage and availability is more urgent than in the Texas-Mexico border, where population growth and disease rates rise, yet the number of physicians and dentists in the health system remains low. How to address these needs has reached critical importance… Read More

book

An American Story: Mexican American Entrepreneurship and Wealth Creation

Butler, John Sibley; Morales, Alfonso; Torres, David L. (eds.) International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2009-08-15

In an atmosphere where the Mexican American population is viewed in terms of immigrant labor, this edited book examines the strong tradition of wealth creation and business creation within this population. In the introduction, readers are presented with enterprises such as Latin Works and Real Links, which represent large, successful,… Read More

book

Tools for Innovation

Markman, Arthur B.; Wood, Kristin L. (eds.) 2009-08-13

“The science behind the practical methods that drive new ideas.” It is widely known that innovation is crucial to sustain success in business, government, and engineering. But capturing the effective means of fostering innovation remains elusive. How can organizations actively promote innovation, which arises from a complex combination of cognition… Read More

journal

Education and Work after High School: Recent Findings from the Central Texas Student Futures Project

Schexnayder, Deanna; Cumpton, Greg; King, Christopher T.; Stolp, Chandler Texas Business Review 2009-08

Any strong regional economy is built on the success of its educational system, both secondary and postsecondary. The Central Texas Student Futures project is providing a new comprehensive, longitudinal study of high school graduates. This project combines surveys of high school seniors with administrative records to produce a new stream… Read More

article

Regulation and American Business

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Ayala, Sofía G. Policy Review 2009-06

This article examines the cost of federal regulations for U.S. businesses and U.S. international competitiveness, as well as one proposal to address the issue, the Competitiveness Impact Statement (CIS). A review of the literature concludes that the lack of reliable data on the cost of regulation at the industry level… Read More

journal

Globalizing Texas: Exports and High-Tech Jobs

Kumar, Anil Texas Business Review 2009-06

Among the U.S. states, Texas has been at the forefront of globalization, which is characterized by the international flow not only of goods and services but also human and financial capital. A key factor in these high marks for globalization has been expanding trade, which has made Texas the top… Read More

journal

Infrastructure Tolls in Texas: Evidence from the Borderplex

De Leon, Marcycruz; Kelley, Brian W.; Molina, Angel L., Jr.; Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr. Texas Business Review 2009-04

Do changes in tolls rates affect pedestrian, car, and truck traffic across the bridges between El Paso and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico? As more and more attention is paid to the use of tolls as funding mechanisms for new road and infrastructure construction in Texas, the answer to this question has… Read More

technical report

An Assessment of the Adult Entertainment Industry in Texas

Kellison, J. Bruce; Busch-Armendariz, Noël; Jarrett, James E. 2009-03

This project, a collaboration between the Bureau of Business Research (BBR) and the Institute on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (IDVSA) at The University of Texas at Austin, assesses the socio-economic impact of Texas’ sexually oriented business industry on the Texas economy, analyzes the impact on Texas’ economy of the… Read More

journal

More Support for College Education Would Yield Large Dividends in Texas

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Ayala, Sofía G. Texas Business Review 2009-02

States and regions with large numbers of educated workers enjoy many social and economic benefits, including low crime rates, high-technology-based employment, high per-capita income, and high wages. It follows that state policymakers should implement policies that increase the number of educated workers and their job opportunities. This article addresses the… Read More

conference proceedings

futureplaces Festival Proceedings 2008

Alvelos, Heitor; Gustafson, Karen 2009-01

Proceedings of the futureplaces Digital Media Festival in Porto, Portugal in October, 2008. The futureplaces festival was a project of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) focused on the theme of digital media and local cultures. Read More

technical report

Sustainable Energy Options for Austin Energy

Duncan, Roger; Eaton, David J.; Ferchill, Cary; Vice, Jeff; Wolfe, Chip Policy Research Project;166 2009

During the 2008-2009 academic year the City of Austin, on behalf of Austin Energy (AE), and Solar Austin co-funded a policy research project to review options for AE to achieve sustainable energy generation and become carbon neutral by 2020. This project developed methods to evaluate future power generation options for… Read More

journal

Soft Landing: Indian IT Companies in Monterrey, Mexico

Laszlo, Kathia Castro; Laszlo, Alexander; De Fougères, Lorraine Texas Business Review 2008-12

Monterrey, the capital of the northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo Leon, has historically been considered an industrial city. In the last few years, a major shift has begun to propel the region beyond the confines of physical industrialization and transform it into a knowledge city. In addition to the investments… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal CoLab Annual Report 2007-2008

Gibson, David V.; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2008-11-11

Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2007-2008. Covers CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin and… Read More

book

Value-Added Partnering and Innovation in a Changing World

van Geenhuizen, Marina; Trzmielak, Dariusz; Gibson, David V.; Urbaniak, Maciej International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2008-10-01

Value-Added Partnering and Innovation in a Changing World is a state-of-the-art book covering the relationships between technology, policy, and firms’ management in many parts of the globe, including Eastern Europe. The conclusions are management- and policy-oriented. Read More

journal

Eco-economics in Texas: Competitive Adaptation for the Next Industry Revolution

Motloch, John; Armistead, J. David; Lebkowsky, Jon Texas Business Review 2008-10

The global economy within which Texas' businesses operate is shifting rapidly from a context of resource abundance to a context of resource constrain, leading to growth that is sought through continuous and accelerating resource performance improvements. This global shift unleashes a massive global demand for eco-economic activity and innovation, a… Read More

journal

Generating Momentum Toward a Sustainable Economy: The Case of Austin Incentives

Oden, Michael D. Texas Business Review 2008-06

In June 2008, Livable City released the report "Building a More Sustainable Economy: Economic Development Strategy and Public Incentives in Austin," to suggest a path that will help the City of Austin better balance economic growth with long-term improvements in the quality of life for its residents. This article is… Read More

technical report

CleanTX Analysis on Water: The Thirst for Power

King, Carey W.; Holman, Ashlynn S.; Webber, Michael E. 2008-05-14

Current technologies for power generation, with some exceptions such as wind turbines and photovoltaic solar cells, rely heavily on the availability of large amounts of water. Primarily this water is needed for cooling thermoelectric plants and supplying fluid pressure and flow for hydroelectric power generation. But in a changing climate,… Read More

journal

The Hidden Costs of Payday Lending

Baylor, Don Texas Business Review 2008-04

Payday lending, sometimes known as a cash advance, is a small, short-term, high interest loan that is intended to bridge the borrower's cash flow gap between pay periods. Payday loans are secured by access to the individual's checking account, typically through a postdated check or an automated clearinghouse (ACH) authorization. Read More

book

Challenges of the Muslim World: Present, Future and Past

Cooper, William; Yue, Piyu International Symposia in Economic Theory and Econometrics 2008-03-28

This book provides a data-based approach to present and future developments in the Muslim world. This is an unusual approach to this topic that highlights important underlying forces in current and projected future economic and social behaviour that range from prices of gasoline to terrorism and related activities. In the… Read More

journal

The Growth of Knowledge-Based Small Firms in Monterrey, Mexico

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Parada, Jaime Texas Business Review 2008-02

"The Growth of Knowledge-Based Small Firms in Monterrey, Mexico" by Elsie Echeverri-Carroll: Monterrey, in the Mexican state of Nuevo León, long has been known for its large industrial enterprises and heavy industry. Today, however, the city is transitioning to a more knowledge-based economy marked by tech startups and innovation. "Monterrey… Read More

technical report

Looming Crisis of Indian Power Sector: A Report on Rural Electrification in India

Mishra, Rajiv K. 2008-02

Critical examination of governance and other socio-economic issues related to rural electrification in India. The report comprises an overview of the power sector in India, with particular attention to Bihar and Jharkhand; a comparative study of rural electrification internationally; a study of the Indian situation using diagnostic analysis, field force… Read More

technical report

The Future of the South Saskatchewan River Basin: Stakeholder Perspectives

Eaton, David J. Policy Research Project;162 2008

The purpose of this study is to report the opinions of 42 water users and stakeholders regarding the future of water quantity and quality in the South Saskatchewan River Basin (SSRB) in Alberta, Canada. The SSRB provides a challenge to sustainability as it is an international watershed draining three Canadian… Read More

technical report

What do Groundwater Users Want? Desired Future Conditions for Groundwater in the Texas Hill Country

Eaton, David J.; Schwartz, Suzanne; Sharp, Jack Policy Research Project;161 2008

This report examines the changing methodology of groundwater management in Texas by studying the manner in which one Groundwater Management Area (GMA 9 in the Texas Hill Country) complied with new legislative mandates passed in 2005. Texas House Bill (HB) 1763 introduced several changes to groundwater management in Texas. There… Read More

technical report

The Role of Semiconductors in Clean Energy

Ballentine, Paul; Duran, Lindsay; Anderson, Emily 2008

Semiconductors play a key role in clean energy by enabling clean, renewable energy sources and improving energy efficiency. Semiconductor materials are the basis for solar electric energy systems. Semiconductor devices are also used to condition power from solar arrays and wind turbines so the energy can be used by electric… Read More

technical report

CleanTX Analysis on the Smart Grid

Duran, Lindsay; Ebrahim, Tabrez; Faulhaber, Kurt; Serface, Joel; Sivaraman, Priya 2008

The utility industry in the United States has an opportunity to revolutionize its electric grid system by utilizing emerging software, hardware and wireless technologies and renewable energy sources. As electricity generation in the U.S. increases by over 30% from today’s generation of 4,100 Terawatt hours per year to a production… Read More

technical report

Carbon Pricing and the Transition from Voluntary to Mandatory Markets

Otto, Jeff; Brown, Sam; Ebrahim, Tabrez; Partridge, Ian; Stautberg, Ed 2008

The current national and global call for a coordinated and meaningful response to climate change concerns is certain to shift the United States from several regional and voluntary carbon markets today to a global compulsory market in the near future. In addition to the clear environmental benefits, this changing landscape… Read More

journal

On the Roof: A Review of Texas Real Estate Markets

Anari, Ali; Gaines, James; Gilliland, Charles Texas Business Review 2007-12

As housing prices slip in many parts of the country, Texas market conditions, in general seem relatively stable. This review of real estate markets around Texas reveals that Texas, especially in relation to other states in the country that have been much harder hit, has so far weathered the real… Read More

technical report

UT Austin|Portugal CoLab Annual Report 2007

Gibson, David V.; Cotrofeld, Margaret 2007-10-11

Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the year 2007. Covers CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin and… Read More

technical report

UTEN Annual Report 2007

Gibson, David V.; Bravo, Marco 2007-10-11

Annual report covering the 2007 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). Read More

journal

Texas Tough: A Review and Forecast of the State's Economy

Preuss, Gary Texas Business Review 2007-10

With pressure from a softening housing market and tightening credit conditions, the national economy is at greater risk for recession than it has been since 2001. The Texas economy could have been expected to show signs of fatigue this year, especially after relatively robust growth in 2005 and 2006. Yet… Read More

journal

Fast Track to Hi Tech: Current Research on Targeted Workforce Development

Glover, Robert; King, Christopher; Hershey, Suzanne Texas Business Review 2007-08

Both the state of Texas and the city of Austin have pursued a cluster-based approach to economic development. Since 2004, the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce (GACC) has raised $14 million in private funds through its "Opportunity Austin" campaign to finance a five-year economic development effort targeting nine industry clusters. Read More

journal

Photovoltaics in Texas Part Two: Strategies for Growth

Kellison, J. Bruce; Evans, Eliza; Houlihan, Katharine; Hoffman, Michael; Kuhn, Michael; Serface, Joel; Pham, Tuan Texas Business Review 2007-06

As the world turns to clean energy sources, Texas has a strategic opportunity to expand its traditional energy leadership capacity into solar power. This article is the second in a two-part series examining the photovoltaics (PV) industry in Texas. The first article, published in April 2007, focused on the potential… Read More

journal

Photovoltaics in Texas Part One: New Market Opportunity

Kellison, J. Bruce; Evans, Eliza; Houlihan, Katharine; Hoffman, Michael; Kuhn, Michael; Serface, Joel; Pham, Tuan Texas Business Review 2007-04

Why isn't Texas – with its natural solar endowment, semi-conductor expertise, energy business talent, and scientific leadership – a national and global leader in the solar industry? This two-part TBR article establishes the economic, public policy, and technological rationale for supporting the photovoltaics (PV) industry across the state. The first… Read More

technical report

The Economic and Workforce Impacts of Hurricane Katrina, Demographic and Related Changes on NASA's Space Shuttle Program

King, Christopher T.; Kellison, J. Bruce; Smith, Tara; Evans, Eliza; Anderson, MaryAnn; Merjanian, Ara; Hadley, Bryan; Stackhouse, Andrew 2007-03-30

Two reports on the economic and workforce effects of Hurricane Katrina, aging workforce and related factors on NASA's Space Shuttle Program efforts along the Gulf Coast. The research was conducted by a joint team from the Ray Marshall Center and the IC² Institute and is based on field interviews, focus… Read More

book

Connecting People, Ideas, and Resources Across Communities

Gibson, David V.; Heitor, Manuel; Ibarra-Yunez, Alejandro International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2007-02-28

The challenge of connecting people, ideas, and resources across communities stems from the quest for enhanced competition and cooperation in an increasingly interconnected world. At the same time, the basic infrastructure to foster wealth creation is asymmetrically distributed across regions of the globe. Evidence seems clear that through deepening networks… Read More

journal

Burying the Axe & Fording the River: A Tale of Regional Economic Cooperation

Poole, Kenneth E. Texas Business Review 2007-02

Economic development in Oklahoma and Texas has often involved one state's efforts to snatch companies from the other. When competing against one another, the Oklahoma-Texas rivalry could sometimes become blood sport. However, leaders from both sides of the Red River realized the advantages that comes with economic cooperation. So they… Read More

article

Does It Matter Where IT Workers are Located?

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Ayala, Sofia G.; Kshetramade, Mayuresh; Murthy, Priyanka 2007

The predominant view in the literature is that cities affect labor productivity because spatial proximity facilitates the transfer of ideas which make workers more productive. We also anticipate that information technology, or IT (both equipment and labor), by facilitating human communication and speeding up the flow of ideas and data,… Read More

technical report

Medicare in Mexico: Innovating for Fairness and Cost Savings

Warner, David C. Policy Research Project;156 2007

This publication presents the results of a policy research project conducted during the 2006-2007 academic year that examined the availability of health coverage for U.S. retirees in Mexico. The project surveyed more than 1,000 retirees in Mexico, and students visited five retirement locations in Mexico. The students also researched Medicare… Read More

technical report

Managing Used Oil Along the Mexico-U.S. Border

Eaton, David J. Policy Research Project;158 2007

This report describes and assesses policies for management of used oil in both the U.S. and Mexico, with particular focus on the El Paso-Ciudad Juárez area. The report begins with an evaluation of Texas’s used oil management system, from the relevant used oil legislation through the resultant data reporting system… Read More

technical report

Remote Sensing and Clandestine Tire Pile Identification

Eaton, David J. Policy Research Project;159 2007

This report examines the waste tire problem along the Texas-Mexico border and explores the possibility of evaluating aerial imagery in GIS-based software in order to identify clandestine tire piles. Remote sensing technologies are promising for the continued effort to recycle discarded tires in Texas and Northern Mexico. However, the report… Read More

technical report

Impact Assessment of the State of Texas Advanced Research Program

Jarrett, James E. 2006-12

“Impact Assessment of the State of Texas Advanced Research Program” evaluated 1312 basic research projects funded at Texas universities since 1987. Economic impacts from principal investigators were compiled, and information was developed about the program’s ability to attract exceptional students to higher educational institutions and to retain these students as… Read More

journal

Texas: The State of Manufacturing: A Secretary of Manufacturing for Texas

Bureau of Business Research, The University of Texas at Austin Texas Business Review 2006-12

In 1907, the Texas Legislature responded to the needs of Texas farmers by establishing the Department of Agriculture to better coordinate agricultural policy and services. Now, 100 years later, it is time for a similar response on behalf of Texas manufacturers. To remain competitive, Texas needs to develop the skills,… Read More

journal

Future View: Projected Demographic Shifts for Texas: Population to Grow, Diversify & Age

Murdock, Steve H.; Hoque, Md. Nazrul; Pecotte, Beverly; Jordan, Jeff Texas Business Review 2006-10

The Texas Population Projections and Estimates Program in the Texas State Data Center and The Office of the State Demographer in the Institute for Demographic and Socioeconomic Research at The University of Texas at San Antonio recently released revised post-2000 Census population projections for the State of Texas and all… Read More

journal

A New Approach to Innovation & Growth in the Texas Technology Corridor

Sekora, Michael C.; Evans, Eliza Texas Business Review 2006-08

Texas faces the challenge of maintaining and growing its capacity to innovate at a time when global competitors are aggressively pursuing markets that have generated economic success for Texas companies in the recent past. Thus, the Digital Convergence Initiative (DCI), a university/private/public venture was established to spur innovation, collaboration, and… Read More

journal

At the Crossroads: The Texas/Mexico Border Economy at Cameron County and Matamoros

Gibson, David V.; Rhi-Perez, Pablo; Zavaleta, Antonio Texas Business Review 2006-06

Cameron County, Texas and Matamoros, Mexico face the Rio Grande River where it meets the Gulf of Mexico; it is a place of natural beauty and agricultural strength. The region has a strong economic and cultural heritage, established educational assets and a rapidly growing bi-literate workforce. Right now, the border… Read More

journal

Global Trends & Market Shifts: Texas, China, and Mexico

Boske, Leigh B. Texas Business Review 2006-04

At the state level, the majority of Texas’ trade historically has been, and continues to be, with Mexico. Texas and Mexico have leveraged their common border to establish a relationship that shapes local economies and policies on both sides. But what will happen to both economies as China continues its… Read More

journal

A Capital Idea: The New Texas CAPCO Program

Beasley, Byron L.; Ballard, Paul B. Texas Business Review 2006-02

As the Texas economy continues its expansion from the 2001 recession, the need for seed and growth capital for young companies is intense. A new funding program addresses this need, authorized by the Texas Legislature in 2001 and implemented in 2005. The Texas Certified Capital Company Program provides alternative sources… Read More

journal

The Lab-to-Market Road: Assessing the Texas Advanced Technology Program

Jarrett, James E.; Meyer, Robert Texas Business Review 2005-12

In 1987, the state legislature appropriated funds for applied research to diversify the state’s economy through the Texas Advanced Technology Program (ATP). These funds targeted projects to educate the state’s scientists and engineers, create new products and production processes, and contribute to the application of science and technology to state… Read More

book

Regional Development and Conditions for Innovation in the Network Society

van Geenhuizen, Marina; Gibson, David V.; Heitor, Manuel International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2005-10-17

Scholars from different disciplines and perspectives increasingly recognize that modern regional economic growth critically depends on factors like active networking, favorable institutions, entrepreneurial spirit and a fast production and circulation of knowledge. Regional Development and Conditions for Innovation in the Network Society is organized in three main parts. Part I,… Read More

journal

Manifiesto: The Texas Sales Tax Rebate and Cross-Border Mexican Shoppers

Mogab, John W.; Pisani, Michael J.; Nicols, Kay McGlashan; Welkey, Sharon; Wuest, Beth E. Texas Business Review 2005-10

Shoppers around the world cross borders from one country in order to shop in another. In fact, shopping is increasingly recognized as a primary motive for international travel. Nowhere is this more evident than at the Texas-Mexico border. A report on the Mexican market, prepared for the Texas Economic Development… Read More

journal

Market-based Government Activities in Texas: A Sampling from the Local and State Levels

Baker, John H.; Denby, Kimberly; Jarrett, James E. Texas Business Review 2005-08

As government seeks to hold the line on broad-based tax rates, some departments and agencies have implemented market-based activities as a means to maintain and expand public services. Two entrepreneurial success stories can be found in the voluntary programs of Austin Energy and the State of Texas Parks and Wildlife… Read More

book

Learning and Knowledge for the Network Society

Gibson, David V.; Heitor, Manuel V.; Ibarra-Yúnez, Alejandro International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2005

Innovation is a key driving force for sustainable growth, especially in emerging economies, and the shaping of regional policies that stimulate localized learning and innovation is the foundation for this growth. This book examines the challenges that decision makers face as they strive to develop policies that spur technology-based development… Read More

journal

In a State of Change: The Rapidly Growing and Increasingly Diverse Population of Texas

Peterson, D'Ann; Assanie, Laila Texas Business Review 2005-06

Rich natural resources, abundant land, a central location within the United States, and a business-friendly environment have long attracted both immigrants and U.S. natives to Texas. As a result, the state has grown faster, with a younger and more diverse population, than the nation. The key challenge Texas faces now… Read More

conference paper

The Market Opportunity for Multiple Antenna Technology for Next Generation Broadband Wireless Systems

Airy, Manish; Defossé, Erin; Heath, Robert W. Jr.; Shakkottai, Sanjay 2005-06

The rapid growth of the Internet user base and of bandwidth-hungry applications in recent years has created a need for broadband wireless (BW) access for residential and business consumers. The only predictable trend is that data rates and QoS requirements will increase rapidly. This demand for high-speed wireless access/connectivity is… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Spring 2005

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2005-04

Spring 2005 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics awarded to IC² Institute Fellow Finn Kydland; appointment of 18 Endowed Research Fellows; and news from Fellows Rob Adams, Debra Amidon, William Cunningham, David Eaton, David Gibson, Fumio Itoh, Michael Hough, George… Read More

journal

Tapping into the Fountain: The Impact of the University of Texas System

Cline, Michael; Bridges, Gary; McKinley, Robert Texas Business Review 2005-04

The State of Texas invests in higher education in order to develop the human capital of the state. These investments result in a large number of benefits, including increased productivity, earning gains, market entry of products and services, and many more. Three major areas of impact of having a University… Read More

technical report

Impact Assessment of the State of Texas Advanced Technology Program

Jarrett, James E. 2005-03

“Impact Assessment of the State of Texas Advanced Technology Program” evaluated 1850 applied research projects funded at Texas universities since 1987. Economic impacts from principal investigators and private sector partners were compiled, university administrative officials and venture capitalists were interviewed regarding commercialization of university research and development, and recommendations were… Read More

journal

Banking Across Borders: The Future of the U.S.-Mexico Remittance Corridor

Taparia, Vivek Texas Business Review 2005-02

In 2004, Mexican immigrants in the United States sent a record of $16.6 billion dollars to their relatives in Mexico. Cross-border consolidation of banks has created the opportunity for migrants to send money home at no cost. However, most migrants do not choose this cost-free option of sending money home. Read More

technical report

M2M: The Wireless Revolution

Brazell, Jim Brodie; Donoho, Laurel; Dexheimer, John; Hanneman, Robert; Langdon, George 2005-01

Forecast of the economic impact and educational needs associated with M2M technologies in the state of Texas. M2M stands for "machine to machine" and refers to technologies which enable networking or remote access to devices embedded in physical, chemical and biological systems. The report describes M2M technologies, estimates workforce requirements… Read More

journal

Economic Growth and Linkage with Silicon Valley: The Cases of Austin and Boston

Ayala, Sofía G.; Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L. Texas Business Review 2004-12

What creates growth in a local economy? Answers to this question have varied markedly over the last forty years. In the 1980s, the revolutionary concept that knowledge, rather than labor and physical capital, was the prime engine of economic growth. This idea prompted policy makers and analysts to associate local… Read More

journal

Emergent Entrepreneurs: Latina-Owned Businesses in the Borderlands

Robles, Bárbara J.; Zarnikau, Jay Texas Business Review 2004-10

During the 1990s, the number of Latina small businesses grew by an extraordinary 209 percent. These privately-held, majority-owned businesses accounted for $29.4 billion in receipts and employed nearly 198,000 workers. Research shows that growth rates for Latina entrepreneurs and microentrepreneurs are related to factors unique to the Latino community. What… Read More

journal

Texas Energy: The Next Generation: The Role of Renewables in Generating Electricity

Dioun, Mina M. Texas Business Review 2004-08

In recent years, renewable energy has gained ground as a viable future source of energy in the electric industry. Such recognition has been due to the environmentally friendly aspects of renewables resources, federal government incentives and state government mandates, and declining costs due to technological progress. With natural gas price… Read More

journal

Ten Years Hence, Is NAFTA Succeeding?

Weintraub, Sidney Texas Business Review 2004-06

In the early 1990s, the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement, linking Canada, Mexico, and the United States, prompted intense debate. Today, ten years after the agreement took effect, it remains a flash point, much criticized in both Mexico and the United States. Two key complaints have been that many… Read More

journal

Regaining Ground: Business Development and the SBIR Program in Texas

Patterson, Fred Texas Business Review 2004-04

The Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) is a $2 billion federal set-aside for small, technology-oriented business development. SBIR funding helps young firms bring their products to market. Texas, despite a richly deserved and growing reputation as a technology hub for business start-ups, lags behind many other states in the… Read More

journal

Building the Venture Capital Industry in Mexico

Kappaz, Christina; McNeece, John B. Texas Business Review 2004-02

In many developing countries, venture capital investing remains a nascent industry. However, investment in private equity has been picking up in Mexico and throughout Latin America over the past year as investors regain confidence in the region and learn to select deals more wisely. Mexican authorities want to keep investors… Read More

technical report

Austin's Wireless Future

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin 2004-01

This report explores the near-term future of wireless – ubiquitous mobile voice and data communication, with focus on three categories of wireless services and products (existing cellular and PCS services and products; licensed radio spectrum wireless services and products, such as fixed broadband wireless; and unlicensed services and products, such… Read More

technical report

Gaming: A Technology Forecast

Brazell, Jim Brodie; Kim, Nicholas; Starbuck, Honoria 2004

Forecast of trends in the digital game industry, including economic impact and workforce needs, with recommendations for Texas community and technical colleges. Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, December 2003

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 2003-12

December 2003 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: the IC² Institute Poland Project; the creation of the Kozmetsky Global Collaboratory (KGC) in conjunction with Stanford University; and research news from the Digital Media Collaboratory (DMC). Read More

journal

New Gas Market Fundamentals: The Prospects for Liquefied Natural Gas

Holloway, Milton L. Texas Business Review 2003-12

An increasingly volatile market price for U.S. natural gas, the inadequacy of domestic natural gas reserves, and the continuing development of new natural gas-based electric generation capacity have created a heightened interest in imported liquefied natural gas (LNG), and plans are underway to add more LNG to the U.S. fuel… Read More

journal

Maquiladora Prospects in a Global Environment

Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr.; Barraza de Anda, Martha Patricia Texas Business Review 2003-10

The Mexican in-bond assembly, or maquiladora, manufacturing sector has taken its fair share of lumps in recent years. The industry has experienced a business cycle downturn in the U.S., intermittent border closures, higher tax burdens, fiscal uncertainty, competition from offshore assembly plants in China, and national legislative gridlock. Nevertheless, with… Read More

journal

Personnel Predicament: The Coming Human Resource Crisis in Texas Government

Greenfield, Stuart Texas Business Review 2003-08

Approximately 5.6 million baby boomers live in Texas, comprising 26.9% of the state's population. As this group matures, so does the Texas workforce. This aging trend will significantly affect the state's general workforce and have an even more pronounced impact on the public sector workforce in Texas. Read More

technical report

Entrepreneurial Assessment and Feasibility of a Cedar Park Incubator

Jarrett, James E.; Smithson, Rob 2003-08

This report includes a feasibility analysis for establishing an incubator in Cedar Park, Texas, development of a strategy for increasing the number of entrepreneurs, and identification of approaches for cooperation between the community and nearby educational institutions. Read More

technical report

ISTC 2012: Toward Sustainable Global Security

Gibson, David V.; Jarrett, James E. 2003-06-23

Review of the programs and activities of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) in Moscow, Russia, with recommendations. ISTC is an organization that facilitates commercial occupations for Russian scientists formerly working on weapons of mass destruction. Read More

journal

The Austin Index: Monitoring a City's Progress

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Wright, Rita J. Texas Business Review 2003-06

Developed in 2002 by the Bureau of Business Research (BBR), the Austin Index began as a pilot project to benchmark the economy of the Austin-San Marcos metropolitan statistical area (MSA). The Index uses twenty indicators (measurements) to illustrate Austin's performance today and compares it to that of other leading U.S. Read More

journal

"The Business of the Future": Banks, Latinos, and the Changing Financial Borders

Freeman, Gary P.; Leal, David L.; Plascencia, Luis F. B. Texas Business Review 2003-04

A major change is underway in the relationship between mainstream financial institutions and the U.S. Latino population. From small independents like Second Federal Savings in Chicago to the nation's largest retail bank, Bank of America, these institutions display an intense and fundamentally new interest in the banking potential of this… Read More

article

A Guiding Vision for Fluid Learning: The Future of Education and Training

Jackson, Melinda L.; Woelk, Darrell 2003-04

Position paper by the Digital Media Collaboratory (DMC) of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin. The authors envision learning systems as a ubiquitous public utility and propose an architecture to accomplish it. The paper includes a description of DMC research activities in 2003. Read More

technical report

A Statistical Analysis of the Relationship Between Credit History and Insurance Losses

Kellison, J. Bruce; Brockett, Patrick; Shin, Seon-Hi; Li, Shihong 2003-03

At the request of Lt. Governor Bill Ratliff in 2002, the Bureau of Business Research (BBR) examined the relationship between credit history and insurance losses in automobile insurance. With the assistance of the leading automobile insurers in Texas, the BBR research team constructed a database of automobile insurance policies from… Read More

journal

Check the Score: Credit Scoring and Insurance Losses: Is There a Connection?

Kellison, J. Bruce; Brockett, Patrick Texas Business Review 2003-02

Over the past decade, the insurance industry has begun using credit histories to create credit scores for individuals who apply for or, sometimes, renew automobile and other insurance policies. Insurers use these scores in rate-making decisions, raising premiums for individuals with poor credit history and lowering premiums for those with… Read More

article

Incubating and Networking Technology Commercialization Centers among Emerging, Developing, and Mature Technopoleis Worldwide

Gibson, David V.; Conceição, Pedro 2003

The ability and desire to access knowledge and to be able to learn and put knowledge to work is central to regional economic development and for globalization to be a force for drawing the world together. This chapter presents the logic, conceptual framework, and key elements for leveraging codified knowledge… Read More

article

Overview of US Incubators and the Case of the Austin Technology Incubator

Wiggins, Joel; Gibson, David V. 2003

Business incubators have a 25-year history in the US. Today they number more than 800. Most are non-profit entities, many associated with universities. This article provides a general overview of business incubation in the US and provides a case study of the award-winning Austin Technology Incubator whose companies have generated… Read More

article

Characteristics of Technology Transfer in Business Ventures: The Case of Daejeon, Korea

Sung, Tae Kyung; Gibson, David V.; Kang, Byung-Su 2003

This article explores the characteristics of venture business and entrepreneurs in Korea to (1) identify technology transfer activities, (2) analyze the differences between technology transfer in linear and nonlinear venture businesses, and (3) guide more effective venture business policy and strategy. This empirical assessment reveals that entrepreneurs have insightful evaluations… Read More

technical report

Cameron County/Matamoros at the Crossroads: Assets and Challenges for Accelerated Regional and Binational Development

Gibson, David V.; Rhi-Perez, Pablo; Cotrofeld, Margaret; De Los Reyes, Oralia; Gipson, Mark 2003

Study of assets and challenges for knowledge-based economic development in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Includes demographic, economic, and education data for the region, as well as results of a survey of government and business leaders concerning economic development strategy. Read More

journal

Rewrapping the Package: Managerial Incentives and Corporate Governance

Parrino, Robert Texas Business Review 2002-12

The modern corporation is an efficient means of organizing large-scale production because it encourages efficient contracting. The corporate form of organization also facilitates combining the capital from many dispersed investors with the skills of a professional management team. Therefore, it is not necessary for the investors who provide the capital… Read More

journal

Internet Business Method Patents

Allison, John R.; Tiller, Emerson H. Texas Business Review 2002-10

"Internet Business Method Patents" by John R. Allison and Emerson H. Tiller: Companies operating over the Internet have aggressively pursued business method patents in recent years. While there has been much criticism about the PTO’s generosity in granting such patents, recent reforms may have curtailed much of the perceived abuse,… Read More

journal

Talking About Texas: Texas Business Review and 75 Years of Change

Furgeson, Sally; Kellison, J. Bruce Texas Business Review 2002-08

Among the projects listed in 1926 for the newly established Bureau of Business Research (BBR) at the University of Texas at Austin was the "issuance of a publication setting forth the economic health of the state." And so began Texas Business Review (TBR) in April 1927. This special 75th anniversary… Read More

journal

The Efficient Government: Technology Trends and Marketing Strategies in E-government

Walker, Bianca Texas Business Review 2002-06

As defined by the World Bank, "e-government" refers to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that can transform their relations with citizens, businesses, and other areas of government. These technologies offer better delivery of government services to citizens,… Read More

journal

Empresarias Decididas: Women Entrepreneurs in the Americas

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Brandazza, Daniela; Kellison, J. Bruce Texas Business Review 2002-04

"Empresarias Decididas: Women Entrepreneurs in the Americas" by Elsie L. Echeverri-Carroll and Daniela Brandazza: Statistics indicated noteworthy increases in the numbers of U.S. and Canadian women entrepreneurs in the 1990s. What factors contributed to this growth? And do these factors also translate into success for their colleagues in Latin America?… Read More

journal

Three's Company: U.S. Borders After September 11

Sinha, Tapen; Condon, Bradly J. Texas Business Review 2002-02

The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, brought the issue of U.S. border security to the forefront. In the weeks following the attacks, heightened U.S. security measures caused serious delays on the northern and, especially, the southern borders. Increased security will increase… Read More

technical report

San Angelo 2002: Accelerating Technology-Based Economic Growth in the Concho Valley

Jarrett, James E.; Wiggins, Joel; Bettersworth, Michael; Holloway, Amy 2002-02

Report on a study of strengths and challenges for accelerating technology-based growth and entrepreneurship in San Angelo and the Concho Valley region of Texas, with particular emphasis on the feasibility of a business incubator. Sections of the report are devoted to entrepreneurship, workforce, technology infrastructure, branding, and a benchmarking of… Read More

book

Knowledge for Inclusive Development

Conceição, Pedro; Gibson, David V.; Heitor, Manuel V.; Sirilli, Giorgio; Veloso, Francisco International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2002

The way to promote “inclusive development,” the process of development that includes every citizen in any country, has become a wide-ranging puzzle. These essays examine the role of education and the university in economic development. Contributors to this volume contend that “knowledge” – ideas, skills, and education – is increasingly… Read More

article

Knowledge Interaction Towards Inclusive Learning: Promoting Systems of Innovation and Competence Building

Conceição, Pedro; Heitor, Manuel V. 2002

This paper draws on recent conceptual approaches to economic growth, in which the accumulation of knowledge is the fundamental driving force behind growth. This fact is reflected in the trend in developed economies towards an increasing investment in advanced technology, R&D, education, and culture. Concepts such as learning ability, creativity,… Read More

journal

Wage Inequality in Austin: Different Industries, Different Stories

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Kshetramade, Mayuresh Texas Business Review 2001-12

The Austin Equity Commission (AEC) was created in May 2000 and charged with building a consensus around a strategic vision for long-range economic prosperity and social equity. Using the Austin Index and the U.S. Census of Population to compare wage and wage inequality data between 1980 and 1990, wage and… Read More

technical report

IC² Institute Annual Report 2000-2001

IC² Institute 2001-12

Annual report of the IC² Institute (Innovation, Creativity, and Capital) at The University of Texas at Austin. Programs covered include: Austin Technology Incubator; Cross Border Institute for Regional Development (CBIRD); Emerging Texas Economy; IC² Fellows; IC² Women's Forum; International Conference on Technology Policy and Innovation (ICTPI); Master of Science in… Read More

technical report

Assets and Challenges for Accelerated Technology-Based Growth in Hidalgo County: A Knowledge-Based Benchmarking

Brazier, Gerald D.; Gibson, David V. 2001-10-31

Assessment of assets and challenges to the development of a knowledge-based economy in Hidalgo County, Texas, driven by technology industries, second-generation manufacturing, and value-added support services. Includes data on demographics, economy, education, infrastructure, and business activity, as well as a survey of local business leaders on factors affecting economic development. Read More

journal

Plugging into the Texas Electricity Market: Avoiding the Mistakes of California

Zarnikau, Jay Texas Business Review 2001-10

If all goes as planned, by January 1, 2002, customer choice will have been introduced to most Texans currently served by investor-owned electric utilities. In some other states, like California, the transition to a competitive retail electricity market has proven disastrous. Texas policymakers, however, remain optimistic that they have crafted… Read More

journal

Exporting Tech from Texas

Walker, Bianca; Luft, David Texas Business Review 2001-08

From the days when the oil and cattle industries reigned in Texas to the current dominance of the information technology and manufacturing sectors, the state export environment has been historically rich. The second largest exporter in the U.S., Texas accounts for more than 13% of all U.S. exports and lists… Read More

journal

"Location, Location, Location" in Cyberspace: E-Commerce and the Domain Name System

Tiller, Emerson H. Texas Business Review 2001-06

Computers route actual data packets according to Internet protocol addresses, but these numbers are difficult for people to remember. The domain name system was developed so that easily remembered names, rather than their numeric equivalents, could be used as address locators. With the growth in electronic commerce, the issues surrounding… Read More

journal

An Integrated Economic Development Budget: Putting Apples and Oranges in the Same Basket

Lavine, Dick Texas Business Review 2001-02

Scattered throughout the state budget, these programs surface not only in the Texas Department of Economic Development and the Texas Workforce Commission, but also in agencies as disparate as the Texas Agricultural Extension Service, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, and most institutions of higher education. Historically, economic development efforts… Read More

journal

Foreign Investment in Texas: Why Here?

Weatherford, Clay; Cooke, Alex; Beard, Karen Texas Business Review 2000-12

Understanding the factors that drive corporate site location decisions is critical to the public officials, economic development professionals, and local leaders responsible for attracting new business locations and expansions to their communities. More than 30 foreign corporations that had recently located in Texas were surveyed. Given the size of this… Read More

journal

Across the Income Divide: High-Tech Industries in Texas Metropolitan Areas

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Kumazawa, Risa Texas Business Review 2000-10

Policymakers in high-technology cities have become increasingly concerned that large segments of their populations are not reaping the benefits of the economic growth associated with these industries. Though it should be noted that our perception of the positive correlation between income inequalities and the growth of high-tech industries result from… Read More

journal

Checking the Forecast: A Look Back at the Texas 2000 Project

Olson, Jerry Texas Business Review 2000-08

In the late 1970s, Texas experienced a remarkable spurt of migration-induced population growth. One of the main reasons for the surge in migration was the much-touted Texas business climate. This part of the Sun Belt was awash in energy and capital: oil prices had tripled. In those days, we considered… Read More

conference paper

Knowledge and Technology Transfer: Levels and Key Factors

Sung, Tae Kyung; Gibson, David V. 2000-08

Most current literature on knowledge and technology transfer (Appropriability Model, Dissemination Model, and Knowledge Utilization Model), describe the process of transfer in details, but has limitation in terms of their application in contemporary high-tech industries since most studies have not provided plausible explanation on levels and factors affecting transfer of… Read More

journal

A Giant Awakens: The Promises and Challenges of MERCOSUR

Stolp, Chandler; Jarrett, James E. Texas Business Review 2000-06

"A Giant Awakens: The Promises and Challenges of MERCOSUR" by Chandler Stolp: Mercosur (Mercado Comun del Sur, or the Common Market of the South) is the largest trade and investment bloc in the world after the European Union (EU) and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Mercosur offers tremendous… Read More

working paper

The Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business

Takagi, Yuji IC2 Institute Working Papers;WP-2000-05-03 2000-05-03

Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture. Read More

working paper

The Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business

Takagi, Yuji IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-2000-05-03 2000-05-03

Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture. Read More

journal

The Vise: Occupational Restructuring and Earnings Inequality in High-Tech Manufacturing

Luker, Bill Jr. Texas Business Review 2000-04

High-tech industries are our most strategically important source of new products and processes. These industries generate much, if not most, of the competitive advantages that U.S.-made goods and services enjoy in domestic and international markets. Consequently, news about anything high tech consistently commands the attention of the general public. The… Read More

journal

Reducing Income Inequalities: The Case of Austin

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Kumazawa, Risa Texas Business Review 2000-04

According to many economic development specialists, cities that support high-tech industries can expect to show higher and longer running rates of growth. Such has been the case in Austin. However, economic growth does not come without a price. The Austin boom has been accompanied by increased pollution and traffic congestion,… Read More

book

Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy: Opportunities and Challenges for the Knowledge Economy

Conceição, Pedro; Gibson, David V.; Heitor, Manuel V.; Shariq, Syed International Series on Technology Policy and Innovation 2000

Despite the unprecedented development and growth of knowledge during the 20th century, the evolution of a peaceful 21st century will depend on our ability to address the challenges of prosperity, sustainability, and security. From these challenges, this collection seeks to devise a research agenda to help us to understand better… Read More

technical report

Accelerating Technology-based Economic Development in the Canary Islands

Jarrett, James E.; Aguirre, José Manuel; Kaehler, Richard; Durden, Elizabeth 2000-02-28

This report provides an analysis of technology-based entrepreneurship, R&D and university technology transfer, workforce training, financing, and industry clusters, and benchmarks the Canary Islands with other regions and small nations. Read More

journal

Cell Block Boom: The Impact of Texas Prison Expansion

Reynolds, Carl Texas Business Review 2000-02

In recent years, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) has emerged as the largest state agency and, with approximately 40,000 jobs, probably the largest employer of any type in Texas. Most of its employees are correctional officers guarding 144,000 felony offenders – the result of the Texas prison building… Read More

journal

Grandfather's Last Days?: Voluntary Permits and Economically Sustainable Air Quality in Texas

Groberg, David Texas Business Review 2000-02

Daunting air quality problems in Texas have brought state government under increasing public pressure to enact strict controls on air emissions. The Texas Natural Resources Conservation Commission (TNRCC) launched a voluntary emissions reduction (VERPs) program to encourage plants to reduce their emissions. If the program does not produce significant reductions,… Read More

technical report

The Certified Capital Companies Economic Development Innovation: Missouri's Experience to Date

Jarrett, James E. 2000-02

This report evaluates the Certified Capital Companies Economic Development Program (CAPCO), an innovative state government program for financing emerging companies in the State of Missouri. Certified capital company programs provide a state tax credit to insurance companies for providing venture capital to start-up and early stage businesses via intermediary firms. Read More

book

Zero Time

Yeh, Raymond T.; Pearlson, Keri E.; Kozmetsky, George 2000

In the rapidly emerging, global digital business environment, the speed of change will be limited only by the laws of physics. What kind of organizations will thrive in such a world? According to the Theory of Relativity, time stands still for an object traveling at the speed of light. Therefore,… Read More

article

Beyond the Digital Economy: A Perspective on Innovation for the Learning Society

Conceição, Pedro; Gibson, David V.; Heitor, Manuel V.; Sirilli, Giorgio 2000

In view of the current socio-economic context, in which innovation is a key driving force for the sustainable development, which challenges are facing education and research to enhance and nurture innovation and better contribute to help developing and exploiting engineering, science and technology? This broad question has motivated the work… Read More

journal

Small Business in the Electronic Marketplace: A Blueprint for Survival

Ba, Sulin; Whinston, Andrew B.; Zhang, Han Texas Business Review 1999-12

The digital economy is made possible by the World Wide Web is growing at an astounding rate. Digital products can be assembled, customized, and packaged in almost an infinite number of ways to meet changing customer demands for instant delivery. Over time, the sale and transmission of goods and services… Read More

article

Knowledge for Inclusive Development: The Challenges of Globally Integrated Learning and Implications for Science and Technology Policy

Conceição, Pedro; Gibson, David V.; Heitor, Manuel V.; Sirilli, Giorgio 1999-12

As the importance of knowledge creation and diffusion is increasingly recognized as a major driver of economic growth, questions are starting to emerge on how to establish the conditions that foster the processes of knowledge sharing across countries at different levels of development. Under the broad designation of “knowledge for… Read More

journal

The Internet, Insurance, and Latin America

Sinha, Tapen Texas Business Review 1999-12

The increasingly rapid rate of change in technology has been accompanied by an increasingly rapid rate of consumer acceptance and the effects of this new technology on industry have been revolutionary. The main driver of the transition toward a more electronic future is, of course, cost reduction. The expense of… Read More

journal

The State at Work: The "Workforce Investment Act of 1998" and What it Means for Texas

King, Christopher T. Texas Business Review 1999-10

The Workforce Investment Act (Public Law 105-220), signed into law August 7, 1998, represents the culmination of bipartisan efforts to reform the nation’s workforce development programs. On July 1, 1999, Texas began implementing the provisions of this law, one of only a handful of states to do so. Texas was… Read More

working paper

E-Commerce Japanese Style

Katoh, Masanobu IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-09-08 1999-09

Presentation to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) on electronic commerce in Japan, how it is different from e-commerce in the US, and the challenges that foreign companies face entering the e-commerce market in Japan. Read More

journal

Rewired for Competition: The Restructuring of Electricity Markets in Texas

Zarnikau, Jay Texas Business Review 1999-08

Traditionally, the U.S. electric utility industry has been subject to a comprehensive system of government regulation. However, in the 1980s, policymakers and economists increasingly questioned the need for regulatory oversight of some utility functions. Particularly in Texas, the potential for competition in the generation of electricity had become greater. Beginning… Read More

working paper

The Changing Dimensions of Japanese Security Issues

Piper, W. Stephen IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-08-11 1999-08

Presentation on post-Cold War security issues and international relations in Japan. Delivered to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) at The University of Texas at Austin on August 11, 1999. Read More

working paper

Is there light at the end of the tunnel for Japan?

Kubarych, Roger M. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-07-21 1999-07-21

Explores Japan’s economic predicament and prospects for eventual recovery. Describes the origins of Japan’s economic issues and draws contrasts between Japan and America/Europe in terms of human resources, finance and politics. Offers three schools of thought on what will happen to Japan’s economic predicament in the coming years. Provides five… Read More

working paper

International Human Resource Management in Japanese Multinationals

Bird, Allan IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-02-18 1999-07-21

Discusses the tactical decisions firms make in the process of establishing management systems in overseas subsidiaries and their strategic effects on the function of the management system as it relates to organizational learning. Introduces a typology of organizational learning models by analyzing 114 Japanese subsidiaries. Uses the typology to discuss… Read More

working paper

Japanese Entrepreneurship and Opportunities for Partnering

Nishiyama, Hidehiko IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-06-29 1999-06-29

As part of the Japan Industry and Management of Technology (JIMT) Speaker Series, discusses the importance of entrepreneurship and new technologies in securing Japan’s full economic recovery from the current economic slump. Describes the history of Japanese entrepreneurship, which experienced a golden age after WWII, and how the rise of… Read More

working paper

Doing Business with a High-Tech Focus in Japan, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan

Cong, Dachang IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-06-01 1999-06

Introduces the economic conditions and high-tech research and development scenarios in post-crisis Asia. Explores challenges and opportunities for American high tech industries. Discusses issues related to doing business with the Japanese and Chinese, including understanding management and the need for better cross-cultural training. Read More

working paper

Structural Gaiastu: International Finance and Political Change in Japan

Pempel, T.J. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-04-21 1999-04-21

Argues that the principal contributor to changes in Japan’s political economy is the decline of Japanese governmental control over capital flows and foreign exchange rates brought about by structural “gaiatsu”, or direct foreign pressure. Differs from previous analysis of gaiatsu by arguing that international capital and market forces generate gaiatsu,… Read More

journal

Two Views of Venture Capital: The Investor

Tims, Stan Texas Business Review 1999-04

The venture capital business is changing, again. Coincident with the rapid evolution of technology and industry, the venture capital business has in its short history, reinvented itself and its image. The number of services has increased and grown more varied. a glimpse into the brief life of the venture industry… Read More

journal

Two Views of Venture Capital: The Entrepreneur

Gerhardt, David Texas Business Review 1999-04

Imagine you are an entrepreneur. You have started a rapidly-growing venture, or at least you have devised a realistic plan for one. after carefully assembling an operating plan, including a detailed budget, you determine that you will need $960,000 to build and run the company for the next year. Where… Read More

working paper

Japan and a New International Security Paradigm

DiFilippo, Anthony IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-03-11 1999-03-11

Argues that Japan has the potential to be recognized as a post-Cold War superpower, but has not been able to do so because of a lack of military/nuclear power and its alignment with the U.S. Discusses two security options, developing an offensive-oriented military and creating a new security paradigm based… Read More

working paper

Trade, Corporatism, Clusters, and Japan as Bellweather

Phillips, Fred Y. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-01-12 1999-02

Remarks on the trend toward corporatism in the U.S. and outlines the latest developments, namely the MAI treaty, and examines how what we know about Japanese business and society does and does not signal what we can expect from increased corporatism in the U.S. Speculates on the effect of the… Read More

journal

Internet Marketing: Advertising as Information

Wilcox, Gary Texas Business Review 1999-02

At the beginning of this century, a new advertising industry came of age in the United States. Now, at the turn of the 21st century, new global media and audiences are reshaping this industry and the advertising we see. The next frontier is worldwide, and the new media are as… Read More

journal

Cities in Transition: The Case of Houston

Klineberg, Stephen L. Texas Business Review 1999-02

The end of the 20th century finds major U.S. cities in the midst of significant change, precipitated by important economic and demographic trends. first, the foundations of the U.S. economy have definitively shifted away from the blue collar “resource economy” of the Industrial Age into the more problematic “knowledge economy”… Read More

working paper

The Fallacy of Micro Foundation and Micro Fluctuations

Chen, Ping IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-02-01 1999-02

Argues that there is no micro foundation for microeconomic fluctuations, or business cycles, based on the law of large numbers in probability theory and statistical mechanics. Discusses the Lucas model of rational expectations as inconsistent with the efficient market hypotheses because arbitrage activities in financial markets can eliminate the intertemporal… Read More

working paper

The Politics of Sustainable Development in Japan

Park, Jacob IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1999-01-28 1999-01-28

Discusses three important questions and issues regarding Japan’s role in global environmental affairs: how the environmental movement has evolved in Japan; what the country’s major environmental policy challenges are on the local-national, regional and global level; and, how Japanese companies are responding to the sustainability challenge. Describes unresolved sustainability questions… Read More

journal

NAFTA Revisited: The Impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement on Maquiladora Employment

Gruben, William C. Texas Business Review 1998-12

The rapid employment growth of the Mexican in-bond plants, or maquiladoras, lists prominently among the most conspicuous industrial phenomena occurring the wake of the North American Free Trade Agreement. In the four years from December 1993 to December 1997, maquiladora employment increased by 71.5%. This recent dramatic growth in maquiladora… Read More

technical report

IC² Institute Annual Report 1997-1998

IC² Institute 1998-12

Annual report of the IC² Institute (Innovation, Creativity, and Capital) at The University of Texas at Austin. Programs covered include: Agile Aerospace Manufacturing Research; Austin Multimedia Incubator; Austin Technology Incubator; Center for Technological Innovation (CTI) in Charleston, South Carolina; EnterTech Project; IC² Fellows; International Conference on Technology Policy and Innovation… Read More

working paper

Japanese Banking Reform: Will It Be In Time?

Sazanami, Yoko IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-11-05 1998-11-05

Discusses, as an interim report by an academic involved in the emergency policy package to stabilize the Japanese financial system, the objective of the capital injection to 21 banks in March 1998, the merger package and ultimate failure of the Long-term Credit Bank in September 1998 and current policy efforts… Read More

working paper

Marketing’s War on Japanese Culture Memory

Lamont, Douglas IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-10-08 1998-10-08

Describes research showing how American brands come to dominate similar market segments in developed and emerging countries. Discusses recent evidence suggesting that product standardization and promotion adaptation, rather than standardization across marketing functions, earn profits worldwide and create value added within nations. Also, discusses new evidence from financial services suggesting… Read More

journal

Lessons from Mexico: The Role of Financial Institutions in Market Crises

James, Dilmus D.; Schauer, David A. Texas Business Review 1998-10

The financial sector promotes a nation’s economic growth and performance. By facilitating the transfer of funds from surplus income units to deficit spending units, financial intermediaries foster expansion of the economic system. But do financial markets and institutions merely facilitate the real forces driving development or do they play a… Read More

journal

"The Great Pension Reform": AFOREs and the Future of Privatized Retirement in Mexico

Sinha, Tapen Texas Business Review 1998-10

In 1997, a new privatized, government-mandated retirement system came into existence in Mexico. Within this system, private companies called Administradoras de Fondos de Retiro (AFORE) manage pension funds for workers who joined the labor force on or after July 1, 1997. Each worker chooses an AFORE to receive the 6.5%… Read More

journal

The Boom in High-Tech Business Services: A New Impetus to Economic Development in Texas

Hansen, Niles M. Texas Business Review 1998-08

Business services, also called producer services, are intermediate activities that provide inputs for the production of goods or other services, rather than directly serving final consumers. They enhance efficiency and add value at various stages of production processes, both upstream (e.g., research) and downstream (e.g., marketing) of actual physical production. Read More

journal

Rethinking High Tech in Texas: Policy Challenges

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L. Texas Business Review 1998-08

Defining “high technology” is not easy. However, one component of defining it has been widely accepted: a high percentage of both R&D expenditures and engineers and scientists. The assumption here is that high-tech industries, because of their innovative nature, spend more on R&D and employ more skilled workers than other… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Summer 1998

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 1998-07

Summer 1998 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Robert Ronstadt named IC² Institute Director; the Globally Networked Entrepreneurship (GNE) Project; launch of the EnterTech computer-based job skills training program; collaboration with the Instituto Superior Técnico (IST) in Lisbon, Portugal. Read More

journal

Defining Tech Transfer

Association of University Technology Managers Texas Business Review 1998-06

Technology transfer describes a formal transferring of new discoveries and innovations resulting from scientific research conducted at universities to the commercial sector. This article explores the reason why there has been tremendous growth in technology transfer programs, the benefits and successes of technology transfer, and how technology transfer has impacted… Read More

journal

It's All in Your Head: The Promise of Intellectual Property

Bratic, Walter Texas Business Review 1998-06

In today’s knowledge-based global economy, intellectual assets often supersede physical assets as the basis of corporate value. Increasingly, companies build their competitive advantage upon a foundation of intellectual assets, and shareholder value has become a direct reflection of the ability to leverage and extract value from the intellectual asset portfolio. Read More

working paper

Zero TimeTM: A Conceptual Architecture for 21st Century Enterprises

Yeh, Raymond T.; Pearlson, Keri IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-06-01 1998-05-30

Discusses Zero Time, or manipulating time as an independent variable, as critical to any enterprise’s success in the 21st Century. Discusses five disciplines of a Zero Time organization (customer value driven, knowledgization, holonic management, zero resistance and inclusion) and how the disciplines result in instant customerization, meaning the needs of… Read More

journal

On-line Recycling: Waste/Material Exchange in the Electronic Information Age

Dioun, Mina M. Texas Business Review 1998-04

In recent years, public concern for environmental quality, high compliance and disposal costs, and reduction of landfill space has prompted many manufacturers and businesses to consider recycling or selling their wastes and to use recycled materials in their processes or activities. A major concern is finding buyers and sellers for… Read More

journal

Texas as a Net Energy Importer: Does it Matter?

Holloway, Milton L. Texas Business Review 1998-04

By some calculations, Texas became a new energy importer in 1991. In that year, the BTU (or heat) value of Texas consumption of petroleum products, natural gas, propane, and renewable energy (wood, wind, and solar) exceeded the BTU value of production of these materials for the first time since oil… Read More

working paper

Future Business in Japan: Opportunities or Threats?

Krueger, Stanley P. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-04-01 1998-04

Describes the current state of Japan with an eye on the signs that show where the country is going, and how it may affect foreign businesses. Examines one established industry, aerospace, and one new industry, environmental, and identifies opportunities for American companies. Read More

journal

Austin Sui Generis?: The Strength and Resilience of the High-Tech Complex

Oden, Michael D. Texas Business Review 1998-02

Since the late 1980s, the growth of the Austin regional economy has outpaced that of other medium-sized high-tech centers. Austin’s economic expansion was based on four private sector growth drivers: computer and office equipment, electronic and electrical equipment, software, and research and engineering services. Each sector showed rapid employment growth,… Read More

working paper

On the Role of the University in the Knowledge Economy

Conceição, Pedro; Heitor, Manuel V. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1998-03-01 1998-02

Argues for changes in the traditional way of viewing economic growth and questions the role that contemporary institutions, specifically universities, play in this process. Shows, empirically, the increasing importance that knowledge is assuming in economic activity in developed countries. Outlines a new conceptual approach to economic growth, in which the… Read More

book

The Knowledge Seekers: Creating Centers for the Performing Sciences

Porter, W. Arthur 1998

The author argues that a new type of institution, a "Center for the Performing Sciences," is necessary to efficiently close the gap between research and the application of innovation. Such a center would operate as a public-private partnership, bridging government, industry, and academia. It would be free of some of… Read More

technical report

Can the Texas Manufacturing Institute Operate Without State Appropriations?

Jarrett, James E.; Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.; Shrout, Lois 1997-12

This project was undertaken to evaluate whether the Texas Manufacturing Institute (TMI) could operate without state appropriated funds. This feasibility study focused on alternative funding sources available to the TMI in lieu of state funding and how the "implementation of alternative funding would affect the mission, structure, and performance of… Read More

journal

Texas in the Information Age

Strover, Sharon; Nicholas, Kyle Texas Business Review 1997-12

The Texas Telecommunications Policy Institute on the Texas Poll surveyed a random sample of 1,000 Texans on a quarterly basis in order to understand how people in the state are currently using telecommunications and computers and to explore their attitudes toward deregulation and electronic privacy issues. Survey results suggested that… Read More

journal

Why Are Small High-Technology Firms in Texas Not Competing?

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L. Texas Business Review 1997-12

High-technology firms compete globally by bringing products to market quickly and efficiently. In a recent sample of high-technology companies in Texas, 84% reported the introduction of a new process or product during 1994-96. However, only 33% introduced new products and processes faster than their competitors. A key question for policymakers… Read More

working paper

Japanese Style Networks and Innovations in High-Technology Firms in Texas

Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-11-01 1997-11

Discusses U.S.-Japanese competitiveness and how it might affect policy and the high-technology industry. Describes Japanese knowledge and spatial networks with a focus on their contribution to innovations. Discusses previous studies on the high-tech industry, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of different criteria used to classify firms as high-tech firms. Discusses… Read More

working paper

Synergy for the 21st Century: Between Unstructured Problems and Management Planning Controls

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-10-02 1997-10-27

In the plenary address to the INFORMS Dallas Fall 2007 conference for Operations Research and Management Sciences (OR/MS), discusses the synergy between OR/MS and digital technology. Describes historically and prospectively the synergy between OR/MS and new disciplines as well as other emerging societies, synergy between OR/MS and the technology chain… Read More

working paper

Perspectives on Business and Emerging Trends For the 21st Century

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-10-01 1997-10-16

In a presentation at the Fall 1997 CBA Advisory Dinner, discusses three mega business trends: (1) the transformation of high technology business from U.S. dominance to a global commodity-based industry, (2) the need for transfer of leadership from the public sector to the business sector, and (3) the emergence of… Read More

journal

Teleworking: Some Texas Initiatives

Panol, Zeny S. Texas Business Review 1997-10

In this era of the virtual corporation, three Texas cities ranked in the top ten of Fortune magazine's 1995 best places that "serve the evolving workplace": Austin, Dallas, and Houston. This new workplace embraces the "work anywhere, anytime" paradigm – a flexibility, experts insist, facilitated but not dictated by communications… Read More

journal

The Internet and Manufacturing

Chapman, Gary Texas Business Review 1997-10

Commercialization of the Internet has been one of the hottest topics around the world in recent years. The growth of this medium and the new capabilities deliverable on the World Wide Web has excited entrepreneurs, transforming some of them into multimillionaires overnight. There has been an explosion of new firms… Read More

journal

By-Product Synergy: A Strategy for Sustainable Development

Mangan, Andrew T. Texas Business Review 1997-08

By-product synergy (also known as “green twinning,” “industrial symbiosis,” and “zero waste/zero emissions/100% product emissions”) emphasizes the cooperation among diverse industries, agriculture, and communities that results in profitable conversion of by-products and wastes to resources promoting sustainability. This article examines the case study of Chaparral Steel Company of Midlothian, Texas. Read More

journal

Market Opportunities for Recycling in Texas Manufacturing Industries

Dioun, Mina M. Texas Business Review 1997-08

Report on a study of the opportunities for and challenges of incorporating recycled materials in the production processes of twelve important manufacturing industries in Texas, including, among others, the primary and fabricated metal, computer and electronics, and printing and paper industries. Read More

working paper

Building and Creating the Future of the South: Breakthrough Partnerships for the 21st Century

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-06-01 1997-06-23

In a presentation to the Southern Growth Policy Board’s 1997 Conference on the Future of the South, argues that partnership, including Public Private Partnerships, for the 21st century needs to be about winning combinations. Describes the change in resources that generate, prosperity, jobs and meaningful futures from natural endowments and… Read More

journal

Renewable Energy in Texas

Hoffner, John Texas Business Review 1997-06

Examination of the production potential and demand in Texas for renewable energy from three sources: solar photovoltaic cells, wind and bioenergy. Read More

working paper

Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Initiative and the Politics of International Technology Collaboration

Corning, Gregory P. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-04-01 1997-04

Discusses Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) initiative, an international research program in manufacturing technology with the goal of developing a next-generation production system to maximize efficiency by integrating the entire range of business activity from order-booking through design, manufacture and distribution. Examines the role of techno-nationalism, foreign pressure, and scientific… Read More

working paper

Setting the Stage: Government-Industry Creation of the Japanese Fax Industry

Coopersmith, Jonathan IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-03-01 1997-03

Discusses the significance of the Japanese government’s role in the development of fax technology as a good model of how governments can influence the agents shaping technology. Describes how the Japanese government’s push on domestic fax manufacturers and telephone companies in the 1970s to create a common standard lead to… Read More

working paper

Beyond Beijing: The Course of Women’s Struggle for Equal Opportunity in Japan

Naff, Clayton IC² Institute Working Paper;WP-1997-02-01 1997-02

Discusses the opportunity for change in Japan towards a more gender-equitable system. Describes the role of women in Japan’s industrialization and development of its peculiar management system. Discusses the legal, corporate and external framework for workforce equality. Explains the role of the 1997 U.N. conference on women in Beijing in… Read More

working paper

How Visual Images Help Run Japanese Factories

Miller, Dr. Steven IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1997-01-01 1997-01

Discusses management and technical staff’s extensive use of visual images in the control system of Japanese factories to structure information so that everyone may understand the plan, execute it, identify errors and solve any problems related to performance gaps. Describes the control system, the plan-do-see (PDS) cycle, and the crucial… Read More

working paper

Opening Address to The Second World Conference on Integrated Design & Process Technology of the Society for Design & Process Science (SDPS)

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1996-12-01 1996-12-01

Discusses generational road maps and commercialization of science and technology. Describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, and the changes facing all five basic dimensions of society – economic, political, social, cultural and scientific/technological. Argues for the development of stronger linkages between academia, business… Read More

technical report

Benchmarking Technology-Based Entrepreneurship in the Charleston Region

Gibson, David V.; Jarrett, James E.; Chesser, Michele; Graham, Mary; Warren, Jacquelyn; Hefner, Frank L.; Brown, Lloyd 1996-08

A study of resources and opportunities for technology-based economic development in Charleston, South Carolina. The study draws on interviews and a survey of managers of technology-intensive enterprises and public-sector institutions in the Charleston area conducted in June 1996. Read More

working paper

Generational Road Maps: Political, Economic, Scientific?

Kozmetsky, George IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1996-05-01 1996-05-24

In a commencement address to the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, for dealing with societal challenges and opportunities. Argues that audience members should, at an appropriate… Read More

working paper

Japanese Multimedia Industry Update

Sytles, Chris IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1996-03-01 1996-02

Discusses a new trend among Japan’s giant electronics and telecommunications companies and ministries: a concerted effort to develop a multimedia society like the one growing in the U.S. Describes efforts by Japanese computer and electronics conglomerates to promote multimedia by creating multimedia divisions, acquiring new media technology through joint ventures,… Read More

newsletter

C²E Report, Fall 1995

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin C²E Report 1995-09

Fall 1995 newsletter of the IC² Center for Commercialization and Enterprise ("C²E") at The University of Texas at Austin. Reports on activities of the IC² Institute's economic development programs including the Austin Technology Incubator, the NASA Johnson and NASA Ames Technology Commercialization Centers, and the Austin Software Council. Read More

newsletter

C²E Report, Fall 1994

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin C²E Report 1994-09

Fall 1994 newsletter of the IC² Center for Commercialization and Enterprise ("C²E") at The University of Texas at Austin. Reports on activities of the IC² Institute's economic development programs including the Austin Technology Incubator, the NASA Johnson and NASA Ames Technology Commercialization Centers, and the Austin Software Council. Read More

technical report

Economic Contributions of the University of Texas System

McDonald, Stephen L.; Holloway, Milton; Olson, Jerry; Mohammadioun, Mina 1994-08

Study of the economic impact of the University of Texas System, using three approaches: assessment of the rates of return on investment in human and knowledge capital; estimation of the size of the System's total economic activity and its net expansion effect; and identification of community benefits resulting from the… Read More

newsletter

IC² Institute Update, Summer 1994

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin IC² Institute Update 1994-07

Summer 1994 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: President Bill Clinton awards National Medal of Technology to IC² Institute Director George Kozmetsky; Austin Technology Incubator is named national Incubator of the Year; Institute Fellows hold Breakthrough Workshops; expansion of activities with Brazil; the Japan Industry… Read More

technical report

Texas Capital Network Survey: Critical Factors in Venture Funding

Gibson, David V.; Gerhardt, David; Charrier, Edward W. 1994-05

This report uses survey data on current and prospective members of the Texas Capital Network to discuss and contrast the characteristics of private and institutional investor respondents in terms of funding amounts and preferences. The report is organized as follows: a brief overview of the U.S. venture capital industry, survey… Read More

newsletter

C²E Report, Winter 1993-94

IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin C²E Report 1993-12

Winter 1993-1994 newsletter of the IC² Center for Commercialization and Enterprise ("C²E") at The University of Texas at Austin. Reports on activities of the IC² Institute's economic development programs including the Austin Technology Incubator, the NASA Johnson and NASA Ames Technology Commercialization Centers, and the Austin Software Council. Read More

technical report

Strategic Plan for Software Preeminence (Summary)

Austin Software Council 1993-12

Summary of a strategic plan by the Austin Software Council (ASC) to stimulate development of the Austin, Texas software industry. Reviews the history of the ASC; identifies stakeholders in Austin from government, university, and industry; describes a network of strategic directions to achieve the larger goal of economic development; relates… Read More

working paper

A Retrospective and Prospects of the Fifth Generation Computer Project

Ishikawa, Akira IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1993-09-05 1993-09

Report on the Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) project undertaken by the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in the period 1982-1992. The Fifth Generation Computer was developed using a framework of parallel processing and inference processing based on logic programming. The project received an investment of ¥54.15… Read More

technical report

Greater Austin Software Industry Report 1993

Gibson, David V.; Long, Cherie L.; Kozmetsky, George 1993-08

Report benchmarking the demographics, infrastructure, business and technology characteristics of Austin area software development firms in 1993. Includes a timeline of Austin's development as a technology center and a directory of 359 software firms in the region. Read More

working paper

Committed Costs vs. Uncertainty in New Product Development

Phillips, Fred Y.; Srivastava, R. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1993-02-01 1993-01

Discusses the nature of committed and determined costs in a new product development project, and quantifies their relationship to project uncertainty. Introduces the concept of product, process, schedule and market (PPSM) intelligence and emphasizes its use for jointly considering marketing and production factors in project evaluation. Uses a discriminate function-based… Read More

technical report

Economic Impact Study: Balcones Canyonlands Conservation Plan

Gau, George W.; Jarrett, James E. 1992-09

Report prepared in 1992 for Travis County and City of Austin officials considering the Balcones Canyonlands Conservation Plan, a habitat conservation plan for the black-capped vireo, golden-cheeked warbler, six karst invertebrates, and two plant species. The research evaluated the comparative effects on Austin’s and Travis County’s future economic development, property… Read More

article

Data Envelopment Analysis and Commercial Bank Performance: A Primer with Applications to Missouri Banks

Yue, Piyu 1992-01

This paper describes a particular methodology called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), that has been used previously to analyze the relative efficiencies of industrial firms, universities, hospitals, military operations, baseball players and, more recently, commercial banks. The use of DEA is demonstrated by evaluating the management of 60 Missouri commercial banks… Read More

technical report

Workstations in Education and Training, Phase 1

Baughman, Martin L.; Hudspeth, Delayne; Kendrick, David; Thore, Sten; Gajulapalli, Ravindra 1991-07

Report to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency on phase 1 of a study on workstations in education and training. The report considers the benefits of computer-assisted education and training; advances in the capabilities of workstation hardware and networks forecasted for the year 2000; the state of the art in… Read More

working paper

Korea in the New World Order

Rostow, Walter W. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1991-04-02 1991-04

Working paper developed from a lecture presented in Seoul about the role of Korea in the New World Order. Summarizes the historical background of the concept of a New World Order and its evolution after the Gulf War of 1990-91. Describes the fundamental issue behind the New World Order as… Read More

technical report

Austin Technology-Based Industry Report

Gibson, David V.; Smilor, Raymond W.; Kozmetsky, George 1991-03

Exploratory study to report on the current status of Austin's technology-based manufacturing industries, to identify emerging technologies that may be important to the Austin economy, and to provide a perspective on the technology-based industries that may be significant to Austin in the 1990s. The report includes timelines for company relocations,… Read More

technical report

A Review of the Economic Feasibility of a Privately Financed High Speed Passenger Rail System in Texas

Jarrett, James E.; Anchondo, J. Jorge; Huff, David L.; Rao, Ramesh K.S.; Zlatkovich, Charles 1990-11

This report reviews the economic feasibility of a new, privately financed, intercity rail passenger service in Texas. It assesses the "Texas Triangle High Speed Rail" study (TTA study), and the two technical volumes supporting it, issued by the Texas Turnpike Authority in February 1989. The review concentrates on various aspects… Read More

working paper

Chance-Constrained Efficiency Analysis

Land, Kenneth C.; Lovell, C. A. Knox; Thore, Sten IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1990-01-02 1990-01

Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is extended to the case of stochastic inputs and outputs through the use of chance-constrained programming. The chance-constrained envelope envelops a given set of observations "most of the time." We show that the chance-constrained enveloping process leads to the definition of a conventional (certainty-equivalent) efficiency ratio… Read More

article

Creating the Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas

Smilor, Raymond W.; Gibson, David V.; Kozmetsky, George 1989-01

New institutional alliances, driven by the rapid increase in and diversity of new technologies, are altering the strategy and tactics of economic development. As a result, communities across the world are seeking to create modern technopoleis or city-states that interactively link technology commercialization with public and private sectors to spur… Read More

technical report

Technology Transfer: A Report on Project Development

Williams, Frederick; Gibson, David V.; Sawhney, Harmeet S. 1988-11

The purpose of this document is to describe and to propose research into the process of technology transfer between universities and industry. When examined as a process, technology transfer refers to the effective exchange of technical information among scientists and engineers as individuals, groups, or representatives of institutions or companies. Read More

working paper

Estimation of the Time Path of the Supply Price of an Exhaustible Resource: The Case of Oil and Natural Gas

Thore, Sten; Sinha, Kingshuk K. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1988-06-03 1988-06

Explores the interplay of geopolitical, economic, geological and operational factors that may disrupt the gradual upwards shift of the supply price of non-replenishable resources, specifically oil and natural gas. Describes the econometric identification of the supply price curve for oil and gas in the U.S. using two alternative independent variables:… Read More

working paper

The Austin/San Antonio Corridor: The Dynamics of a Developing Technopolis

Smilor, Raymond W.; Kozmetsky, George; Gibson, David V. IC² Institute Working Papers;WP-1987-03-01 1987-03

Examination of the factors contributing to the development of the Austin/San Antonio corridor as a high-technology center in the years 1945-1986. The paper uses a conceptual framework called the Technopolis Wheel, which identifies seven segments as fundamental in regional high-tech growth: university, large and small technology companies, state-local-and federal government,… Read More

book

Commercializing Technology Resources for Competitive Advantage

Konecci, Eugene B.; Kozmetsky, George; Smilor, Raymond W.; Gill, Michael D. Jr 1986-09

Monograph on various aspects of technology commercialization, including sections on technology commercialization and regional economic development; commercializing research and development from U.S. federal laboratories; U.S. international competitiveness; and technology marketing. Appendices present data on U.S. research and development patterns in the public and private sectors, on institutional developments for capital… Read More

book

Building Indigenous Companies: Private/Public Infrastructures for Economic Growth and Diversification

Kozmetsky, George; Smilor, Raymond W. 1986-05

This monograph brings together selected articles and IC2 Institute research on the topic of regional economic development through the growth of locally founded (or "indigenous") companies, in contrast to development relying primarily on industrial relocation. It provides a framework for understanding and implementing new approaches to economic growth and diversification… Read More

technical report

Comparative High-Technology Industrial Growth: Texas, California, Massachusetts, and North Carolina

Campbell, John P. 1986

To better understand the development of high technology industry in Texas, this monograph compares the high-technology industrial composition of Texas with that of California, Massachusetts, and North Carolina. Chapters examine interstate differences in high-technology industrial development by comparing (1) recent shifts in high-technology industry mix, (2) size distribution of firms,… Read More

technical report

Women Leadership Roles

Kosmetzky, Ronya Institute for Constructive Capitalism Insight Series 1983-06

Recent history and future trends of leadership roles for women, as well as the author's guidelines for women leaders. Speech delivered to the Amarillo Women's Network in Amarillo, Texas on May 17, 1983. Read More

technical report

A Guide to M.D.I. Statistics for Planning and Management Model Building

Phillips, Fred Y. Institute for Constructive Capitalism Technical Series;no. 4 1981-07

This monograph is intended as a practical guide to business applications of the theory of discrimination information statistics as developed by Kullback (1959) and Charnes and Cooper (1975 et seq.). A guide to modeling and computation methods is presented, with references to published applications and a discussion of their implications… Read More

technical report

Venture Capital Funds Management: Portfolio Selection, Operation, and Control

Dorsey, Terry Institute for Constructive Capitalism Technical Series;no. 2 1979

A two-phase model for venture capital portfolio selection and management is presented. The portfolio selection phase of the model, based on data collected in a 1974 study of 140 venture capital firms and 368 venture capital investments, permits the computation of an investment multiple and a target rate of return,… Read More

technical report

Operating Guidelines for Effective Venture Capital Funds Management

Dorsey, Terry Institute for Constructive Capitalism Technical Series;no. 3 1979

Extending Liles' work in the development of an effective "enabling strategy," the author has formulated a set of 20 operating guidelines for effective venture capital funds management. The guidelines presented in this paper are the result of a detailed study of 368 venture capital investments which were analyzed along three… Read More

technical report

A Model for Public-Private Sector Distribution Planning for the U.S. Coal Industry

Phillips, Fred Y. Institute for Constructive Capitalism Technical Series;no. 1 1978

A multiperiod mixed integer linear programming model is proposed as a guide to the urgent expansion of the production and interregional distribution of American coal. The model, run under various scenarios of resource costs and governmental restrictions, should serve as an indicator of the possible performance of the industry, a… Read More

technical report

Activities and Resources of the Galveston Bay

Holstrum, Gary L.; Williams, W. Reed Bureau of Business Research Area Economic Surveys;33 1971-12

Report on the benefits associated with activities and resources of Galveston Bay. Aggregates data from a variety of sources on the economic value of the Galveston Bay waters in three sectors: (1) recreation, (2) natural resources, and (3) industry and commerce. Prepared by the Bureau of Business Research for the… Read More