Since 1977, the IC² Institute has developed an extensive record of publications by IC² Institute researchers, Fellows, Visiting Scholars, and UT faculty and students. Their work is transdisciplinary and covers a wide range of interests: new technologies, technology transfer, entrepreneurship, economic development, and more.
Full text of many publications is available through the UT Digital Repository.
This biography details the life and career of George Kozmetsky, the founder of the IC² Institute. Throughout his career as an industrialist, educator, visionary supporter of new technologies, advocate for worldwide economic development, and philanthropist, George Kozmetsky promoted constructive interactions … More
Spring/summer 2017 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Austin Technology Incubator works with Austin Community College to establish ACC Bioscience Incubator; ATI hosts first Solar Data Reverse Hackathon; Bureau of Business Research and IDVSA release … More
The search for a reliable dataset of entrepreneurial firms is ongoing. We analyze and assess longitudinal data on startups from two data sources—the National Establishment Time-Series (NETS) database and the Secretary of State (SOS) business registry data. Our primary purpose … More
Introduction to a special issue of the Journal of Business and Technical Communication on the rhetoric of entrepreneurship. The author introduces basic definitions and concepts from the field of entrepreneurship, then identifies three issues linking rhetoric to entrepreneurship: rhetoric and … More
Cultivating Learning and Safe Environments: An Empirical Study of Prevalence and Perceptions of Sexual Harassment, Stalking, Dating/Domestic Abuse and Violence, and Unwanted Sexual Contact
The Cultivating Learning and Safe Environments (CLASE) (pronounced ‘class’) project is a research study about University of Texas System students’ experiences with sexual harassment, stalking, dating/domestic abuse and violence, and unwanted sexual contact. As part of the study, the University … More
This study analyzes the economic and fiscal impacts of expenditures by the Texas Military Department for federal FY2015, October 1, 2014 through September 2015. These impacts are analyzed and reported for Texas statewide, for different categories of expenditures, and for … More
Public libraries in the State of Texas provide significant economic benefits for their communities. Collectively, in FY2015, Texas public libraries were found to provide $2.628 billion in benefits while costing $566 million, a return on investment of $4.64 for each … More
Fall/winter 2016 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Austin Technology Incubator graduating class receives over $220 million in funding; ATI nets support for student entrepreneurship: Blackstone LaunchPad and SEAL expansion; FASTForward Austin: acceleration for small … More
The purpose of this paper is to explore the dimensions of diabetes in Belize and its impact on sustainable wellbeing. Diabetes is the leading cause of death in Belize, with many contributing factors. The author identifies some of those factors … More
Report from the Statewide Human Trafficking Mapping Project of Texas, a collaboration among the Institute on Domestic Violence & Sexual Assault (IDVSA) and the Bureau of Business Research at The University of Texas at Austin as well as Allies Against … More
The "Science" of Prediction: A Battery of Blind Back-Dated Validation Tests of PredictionWorks' New Venture Assessment System
This report examines the results of a research partnership between PredictionWorks, a private firm, and The University of Texas at Austin (McCombs School of Business and the IC² Institute). PredictionWorks' New Venture Assessor is an assessment system which attempts to … More
This is the first comprehensive book highlighting the expanding consumer power of rural markets in developing countries. It takes a close look at one of the key stories in emerging markets: the untapped potential of the world’s 3.4 billion rural … More
Empirical Evidence on the Use of Credit Scoring for Predicting Insurance Losses with Psycho-social and Biochemical Explanations
An important development in personal lines of insurance in the United States is the use of credit history data for insurance risk classification to predict losses. This research presents the results of collaboration with industry conducted by a university at … More
The traditional structures of business and the workplace have changed drastically in recent years. In response, companies have continuously worked to improve their ability to generate new ideas and bring them to market by removing the common constraints on the … More
Spring/summer 2016 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: entrepreneurial ecosystems and the Innovation Reef model; Kauffman Foundation funds new research on Austin’s entrepreneurial ecosystem; India Innovation Growth Program has $814 million impact; Austin Technology Incubator … More
Although it is widely understood that energy and water are the world’s two most critical resources, their vital interconnections and vulnerabilities are less often recognized. This farsighted book offers a new, holistic way of thinking about energy and water — … More
This article presents the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN), a successful program that built a national innovation network in Portugal based in the university technology transfer offices (TTOs), incubators and science parks. UTEN, which was launched in March 2007, includes … More
This paper addresses a less-investigated issue of innovations: entrepreneurship communication. Business and marketing studies demonstrate that new product development processes do not succeed on good technical invention alone. To succeed, the invention must be appropriately communicated to a market and … More
K6015, a South Korean firm seeking to commercialize its magnet technology in the US market, entered a technology commercialization training program structured as a competition. Through this program, K6015 (and others in the program) used several genres to progressively interest … More
Fall/winter 2015 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: IC² Institute activities in Colombia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Korea, Mexico, Poland, Portugal, Singapore, and Turkey; the Austin Technology Incubator Start-up Library; ATI's Student Entrepreneur Acceleration and Launch … More
During 2014-2015, the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs (LBJ School) and the IC² Institute of The University of Texas at Austin, in cooperation with National Instruments unit Planet NI, conducted two experiments to facilitate technology transfer to encourage … More
Report on demographic, social, and economic trends in Belize based on the 2010 Census. Written under the auspices of the Bridging Disciplines Programs at The University of Texas at Austin with mentor David V. Gibson of the IC² Institute.
Report on the current state of the Belizean educational system and recommendations for reforms. Written under the auspices of the Bridging Disciplines Programs at The University of Texas at Austin with mentor David V. Gibson of the IC² Institute.
Final report from a study conducted in 2015 on the prevalence of sexual assault in Texas. The study was based on a statewide telephone survey conducted in English and Spanish using a randomly selected, representative sample of 1,203 adult Texans. … More
The authors examined comments in revisions of 24 Quicklook® reports that were written to provide market feedback to entrepreneurs. Most Quicklook reports underwent a revision cycle, and the number of comments per draft varied considerably. Based on this analysis, commenting … More
In this paper, the authors examine five cases of technology commercialization in terms of how entrepreneurs advance a specific kind of claim: the value proposition. The value proposition can describe the characteristics of the innovation itself (Goods-Dominant Logic) or propose … More
Technology innovators must pitch their technology and its business value to potential buyers, partners, and distributors: to make claims that will create interest in the appropriate audiences and offer evidence that those audiences recognize as credible and applicable. Such pitches … More
Global recessions and structural economic shifts are motivating government and business leaders worldwide to increasingly look to “their” universities to stimulate regional development and to contribute to national competiveness. The challenge is clear and the question is pressing: How will … More
Economic impact report for the clean technology sector in central Texas, commissioned by CleanTX and supported by the Austin Technology Incubator and Civic Analytics. The study finds that the cleantech sector in the Austin region directly employs nearly 20,000 individuals … More
Spring/summer 2015 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: IC² Institute activities in Colombia, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mexico, Portugal, Singapore, South Korea, and Turkey; reports from the 2015 IC² Institute Fellows meeting and SXSW Interactive; emerging IC² … More
How do you gauge the accomplishments of policy and its failures? While a number of nations are successful in optimizing a socio-economic welfare function, others are woefully falling short of the optimal frontier. Diagnostics for a Globalized World proposes a … More
Biographical and contact information for the IC² Institute Fellows. Compiled on the occasion of the biannual IC² Institute Fellows Meeting in Austin, Texas, April 24-25, 2015.
The Energy-Water Nexus: An Analysis and Comparison of Various Conjurations Integrating Desalination with Renewable Power
This investigation studies desalination powered by wind and solar energy, including a study of a configuration using PVT solar panels. First, a water treatment was developed to estimate the power requirement for brackish groundwater reverse-osmosis (BWRO) desalination. Next, an energy … More
Hydraulic fracturing, the injection of a pressurized fluid mixture of mostly water, sand and a small amount of chemicals (frac fluids), increases extraction rates and recovery of oil or gas. The technique has become increasingly popular when used in combination … More
Examination of how Korean entrepreneurs in an entrepreneurship program revised their English-language slide decks for their competitive presentations (“pitches”) by reusing content from professional communication genres, including their own documents and feedback from potential stakeholders in their target markets. Research … More
This report describes the complex challenges faced by veterans and their families in seeking, navigating, and attaining adequate mental health care in Texas. There are 1.7 million veterans in Texas, comprising 8.6 percent of the adult population. According to the … More
Fall/Winter 2014 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: news from IC² Institute programs in Colombia, India, Kazakhstan, Mexico, Portugal, South Korea, and Turkey; IC² Institute Fellow Meg Wilson on women and STEM; new applications for … More
The 2014 Texas Trade and Professional Associations Directory is now available from the Bureau of Business Research at The University of Texas at Austin. The 2014 edition contains listings for more than 1000 organizations, including 600 that are new or … More
This study updates the 2011 "Texas Moving Image Incentive Program: The Economic Benefits from Incentives" study from the Bureau of Business Research. It finds that there are economic benefits (direct and indirect) totaling $1.3 billion for the Texas economy from … More
Examination of how Korean entrepreneurs in an entrepreneurship program revised their slide decks for their presentations ("pitches") in response to professional communication genres representing feedback from potential stakeholders in their target markets. Research questions: As entrepreneurs learn to pitch ideas … More
Spring/Summer 2014 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: the Austin Technology Incubator graduating class of 2014; ATI impact study; Federal projects; Bureau of Business Research Survey of Texas Black-owned Businesses; new “Converting Technology to Wealth” … More
Report on the state of black-owned businesses in Texas, based on demographic data and a statewide survey of black business owners. More
The price dynamics of energy and water in Texas might be about to change. Historically, planners have assumed that the price of energy is volatile and trending up, while the price of water is stable and low. However, current trends … More
Have you ever tried to change a long-standing habit in your life and failed? You are certainly not alone. Many people try to change their eating habits, stop smoking, or shed their unproductive work habits and fail. The process is … More
The Austin Technology Incubator (ATI) is the business incubator of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin. ATI works with seed- and pre-seed-stage technology startups, helping to prepare these businesses for commercial success. This study estimated the … More
Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2012-2013. Sections cover CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, Advanced Computing, and Emerging Technologies (nanotechnology). CoLab is a … More
Report on assets and challenges for sustainable development in Belize. Written under the auspices of the Bridging Disciplines Programs at The University of Texas at Austin with mentor David V. Gibson of the IC² Institute.
Annual report covering the 2013 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with … More
Fall, 2013, issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: 2013 Fellows Meeting; social physics; history of entrepreneurial development in Austin; the 25th anniversary of the Austin Technology Incubator; TechBA Expo of Mexican businesses; UTEN Portugal program; … More
When conducting or evaluating cross-cultural/cross-national research studies a critical question must be asked about the measurements: are they culturally an emic or etic? That is, is the research methodology culturally bound or culture free? The research described in this paper … More
This engaging memoir details Bill Cunningham’s seven years as president of the University of Texas at Austin and his eight years as chancellor of the UT System. Along the way, he relates accounts of the important issues UT faced during … More
Update and elaboration of the 1988 Journal of Business Venturing article "Creating the Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas" which emphasized the role of key influencers, institutions and networks that made possible Austin’s extraordinary technology-based growth. Elaborates the "Technopolis Wheel" … More
Annual report for the Digital Media section of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2011-2012. Sections cover CoLab Digital Media's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute … More
Cumulative report on the 2007-2012 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with … More
Think smart people are just born that way? Think again. Drawing on diverse studies of the mind, from psychology to linguistics, philosophy, and learning science, Art Markman, Ph.D., demonstrates the difference between “smart thinking” and raw intelligence, showing readers how … More
Report examining the economic benefits of Texas public libraries. Includes 40 case profiles of specific libraries’ activities which benefit businesses, business organizations, self-employed individuals, employees, and job seekers. In 2011 Texas public libraries collectively were found to provide $2.407 billion … More
Slides and posters by Portuguese PhD students in the Digital Media doctoral programs associated with the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Presented at the futureplaces Digital Media Festival in Porto, Portugal, on October 17, 2012.
Fall, 2012, issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: IC² Innovation Readiness Series; the UT Austin|Portugal program and UTEN; IC² partnership with Ruta N in Colombia; the Austin Technology Incubator's graduating class of 21 companies; recent … More
This report analyzes a survey of 2,811 Texas Hispanic-owned firms with paid employees conducted in 2011. The findings presented here build on results from the 2007 Survey of Business Owners (U.S. Census Bureau) and identify challenges to growth among Texas … More
The Global Commercialization Group (GCG) of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin has been implementing economic development programs for over a decade. Through work in thirteen different countries and with a variety of players, GCG has … More
“Product and service innovations are the result of mutually interacting creative and coordination tasks within a system that has to balance technical decisions, marketplace taste, personnel management, and stakeholder commitment. The constituent elements of such systems are often scattered across … More
Application Driven Theory: Rigorously Combining Applied and Basic Research Relevant to Accounting and Marketing
In this editorial, the authors argue that accounting and marketing research can be both practically relevant and theoretically well-grounded, if a paradigm of application driven theory is adopted and rigorously applied. They distinguish between two dichotomies characterizing research, (1) basic … More
Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2010-2011. Sections cover CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of … More
Annual report covering the 2011 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with … More
Slides and posters by Portuguese PhD students in the Digital Media doctoral programs associated with the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Presented at the University of Texas at Austin on December 3, 2011.
Slides and posters by Portuguese PhD students in the Digital Media doctoral programs associated with the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Presented at the futureplaces Digital Media Festival in Porto, Portugal, on October 21, 2011.
Feasibility study for the development of a wet-laboratory incubator in Austin, Texas, conducted by the Austin Technology Incubator. Constitutes the final report for Economic Development Administration Grant F08-06-04600. Investigates the hypothesis that, due to a shortage of commercial wet laboratories … More
Report on the activities of the Gary Chapman International School on Digital Transformation (ISDT) held in Porto, Portugal each summer from 2009-2011. ISDT was a project of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). It was an immersive residential school that brought … More
Sexual Assault Needs Assessment in Texas: Documenting Existing Conditions and Striving Toward Preferred Outcomes
A comprehensive needs assessment of sexual assault services for adult victims in Texas, based on interviews and surveys of victims, the professionals that assist them, and statewide leaders. The report estimates that the State of Texas spends approximately $42.8 million … More
As we move further into the 21st century, increasing emphasis is being placed on the importance of technology transfer. Through new research and practices, scholars, practitioners and policymakers have made great strides in broadening our understanding and ability to implement … More
State economic development incentive programs are significant factors when attracting film, TV, commericials and video game producers to a state. This article summarizes the findings of an economic impact analysis that was performed in the late 2010 and early 2011 … More
This study analyzes the economic and fiscal impacts of the $80 million Texas Moving Image Industry Incentive Program. The incentive program was created to encourage companies, producers, and small businesses to choose Texas over other states when selecting sites for … More
The new 2011 Texas Trade and Professional Associations Directory is now available from the Bureau of Business Research at The University of Texas at Austin. The 2011 edition contains 1076 entries, over 200 more than the previous edition, and is … More
The CAPCO program can best be described as a strategic public/private partnership that leverages private capital to fund sustainable small business growth. The policy intent was to drive capital in ways that would overcome market failures and strive to counteract … More
Assessment of financial and operational outlooks for Emergency Service Districts (ESDs) in rapidly growing areas of Texas. The study finds that a category of medium and large ESDs in high-growth areas face significant challenges because of increasing demands for service … More
Annual reports for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2009-2010. Sections cover CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of … More
Report on title insurance practices in the U.S. and Canada prepared for the Texas Department of Insurance and the Texas Legislature. The report includes chapters evaluating title policy coverage, prices, and losses by state; the federal roles regarding title insurance; … More
Annual report covering the 2009-2010 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with … More
Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab). Covers CoLab's 2010 educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the IC² Institute at … More
More than ever, innovative and hard-working Texans need efficient and effective systems that promote economic mobility and opportunity. Currently, Texas faces two major public policy challenges. The first is that many Texans are outside the financial mainstream with subpar credit … More
Background: Implementing new practices, such as health information technology (HIT), is often difficult due to the disruption of the highly coordinated, interdependent processes (e.g., information exchange, communication, relationships) of providing care in hospitals. Thus, HIT implementation may occur slowly as … More
Entrepreneurship and innovation are increasingly viewed as key contributors to global economic and social development. University-based entrepreneurship ecosystems provide a supportive context in which entrepreneurship and innovation can thrive. In that vein, this book provides critical insight based on cutting-edge … More
Since 2005, state taxpayers have provided nearly $600 million for two venture capital programs: the Texas Emerging Technology Fund (TETF) and the Texas Certified Capital Company Program (CAPCO). Both programs make investments in small companies that use the capital to … More
Manufacturing firms are generally on the front lines of environmental protection because most industrial pollution is a result of manufacturing activity. The problem is that firms do not have strong incentives for pollution abatement because they see it as an … More
The Texas workforce development system strives to ensure that employers, individuals, and communities have the opportunity to achieve and sustain economic prosperity. The demands on this system will increase as the state's workforce, currently over 11 million, continues to diversify … More
In 2006, Texas initiated what would become a nationwide movement toward increased state government financial transparency by posting detailed records of the Governor's office expenses online. Since then, Texas has remained a leader in the development of web-based tools for … More
The move towards sustainable energy production and use is one of the most challenging and profound changes currently taking place in the world’s established and emerging economies. Energy and Innovation presents a series of informative case studies from Norway, the … More
In the past decade, Texas began to harness some of its abundant wind potential and, in the process, became an international wind energy leader. The state currently accounts for more than 25 percent of installed wind energy capacity in the … More
Insert to the Texas Business Journal detailing the contribution of the IC² Institute and its component programs.
Proceedings of the futureplaces Digital Media Festival held in Porto, Portugal, in October 2009. The futureplaces festival was a project of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) focused on the theme of digital media and local cultures.
This report presents the results of a policy research project conducted during the 2009-2010 academic year that examined the availability of health coverage in Mexico for Mexican-born persons who are or soon will be Medicare beneficiaries. This project included developing … More
Annual report covering the 2008-2009 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with … More
Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2008-2009. Covers CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the … More
The U.S.-Mexico relationship has been rocky for some time, and there is little doubt that the current recession has made matters worse. The relationship between the two countries has been strained by competition for jobs, infrastructure issues, security concerns, and … More
There is no area in the U.S. where improving health coverage and availability is more urgent than in the Texas-Mexico border, where population growth and disease rates rise, yet the number of physicians and dentists in the health system remains … More
In an atmosphere where the Mexican American population is viewed in terms of immigrant labor, this edited book examines the strong tradition of wealth creation and business creation within this population. In the introduction, readers are presented with enterprises such … More
“The science behind the practical methods that drive new ideas.” It is widely known that innovation is crucial to sustain success in business, government, and engineering. But capturing the effective means of fostering innovation remains elusive. How can organizations actively … More
Education and Work after High School: Recent Findings from the Central Texas Student Futures Project
Any strong regional economy is built on the success of its educational system, both secondary and postsecondary. The Central Texas Student Futures project is providing a new comprehensive, longitudinal study of high school graduates. This project combines surveys of high … More
An introduction to the the IC² Institute's work in Latin America.
Among the U.S. states, Texas has been at the forefront of globalization, which is characterized by the international flow not only of goods and services but also human and financial capital. A key factor in these high marks for globalization … More
This article examines the cost of federal regulations for U.S. businesses and U.S. international competitiveness, as well as one proposal to address the issue, the Competitiveness Impact Statement (CIS). A review of the literature concludes that the lack of reliable … More
Do changes in tolls rates affect pedestrian, car, and truck traffic across the bridges between El Paso and Ciudad Juarez, Mexico? As more and more attention is paid to the use of tolls as funding mechanisms for new road and … More
This project, a collaboration between the Bureau of Business Research (BBR) and the Institute on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (IDVSA) at The University of Texas at Austin, assesses the socio-economic impact of Texas’ sexually oriented business industry on the … More
States and regions with large numbers of educated workers enjoy many social and economic benefits, including low crime rates, high-technology-based employment, high per-capita income, and high wages. It follows that state policymakers should implement policies that increase the number of … More
Proceedings of the futureplaces Digital Media Festival in Porto, Portugal in October, 2008. The futureplaces festival was a project of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) focused on the theme of digital media and local cultures.
During the 2008-2009 academic year the City of Austin, on behalf of Austin Energy (AE), and Solar Austin co-funded a policy research project to review options for AE to achieve sustainable energy generation and become carbon neutral by 2020. This … More
Monterrey, the capital of the northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo Leon, has historically been considered an industrial city. In the last few years, a major shift has begun to propel the region beyond the confines of physical industrialization and transform … More
Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the period 2007-2008. Covers CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the … More
Value-Added Partnering and Innovation in a Changing World is a state-of-the-art book covering the relationships between technology, policy, and firms’ management in many parts of the globe, including Eastern Europe. The conclusions are management- and policy-oriented.
The global economy within which Texas' businesses operate is shifting rapidly from a context of resource abundance to a context of resource constrain, leading to growth that is sought through continuous and accelerating resource performance improvements. This global shift unleashes … More
In 2007, the Nuestra Casa program was evaluated by the Texas A&M Department of Landscape, Architecture and Urban Planning, with Dr. Cecilia Giusti as primary investigator. Her final report indicated that Nuestra Casa provides a highly effective model to improve … More
An overview of the IC² Institute's history and current activities.
In June 2008, Livable City released the report "Building a More Sustainable Economy: Economic Development Strategy and Public Incentives in Austin," to suggest a path that will help the City of Austin better balance economic growth with long-term improvements in … More
Current technologies for power generation, with some exceptions such as wind turbines and photovoltaic solar cells, rely heavily on the availability of large amounts of water. Primarily this water is needed for cooling thermoelectric plants and supplying fluid pressure and … More
Payday lending, sometimes known as a cash advance, is a small, short-term, high interest loan that is intended to bridge the borrower's cash flow gap between pay periods. Payday loans are secured by access to the individual's checking account, typically … More
This book provides a data-based approach to present and future developments in the Muslim world. This is an unusual approach to this topic that highlights important underlying forces in current and projected future economic and social behaviour that range from … More
"The Growth of Knowledge-Based Small Firms in Monterrey, Mexico" by Elsie Echeverri-Carroll: Monterrey, in the Mexican state of Nuevo León, long has been known for its large industrial enterprises and heavy industry. Today, however, the city is transitioning to a … More
Critical examination of governance and other socio-economic issues related to rural electrification in India. The report comprises an overview of the power sector in India, with particular attention to Bihar and Jharkhand; a comparative study of rural electrification internationally; a … More
The current national and global call for a coordinated and meaningful response to climate change concerns is certain to shift the United States from several regional and voluntary carbon markets today to a global compulsory market in the near future. … More
The utility industry in the United States has an opportunity to revolutionize its electric grid system by utilizing emerging software, hardware and wireless technologies and renewable energy sources. As electricity generation in the U.S. increases by over 30% from today’s … More
Semiconductors play a key role in clean energy by enabling clean, renewable energy sources and improving energy efficiency. Semiconductor materials are the basis for solar electric energy systems. Semiconductor devices are also used to condition power from solar arrays and … More
This report examines the changing methodology of groundwater management in Texas by studying the manner in which one Groundwater Management Area (GMA 9 in the Texas Hill Country) complied with new legislative mandates passed in 2005. Texas House Bill (HB) … More
The purpose of this study is to report the opinions of 42 water users and stakeholders regarding the future of water quantity and quality in the South Saskatchewan River Basin (SSRB) in Alberta, Canada. The SSRB provides a challenge to … More
This report addresses the question of whether there is a need for a Competitiveness Impact Statement (CIS) attached to proposed legislation in the U.S. A review of the literature on the cost of complying with federal regulations for U.S. businesses, … More
As housing prices slip in many parts of the country, Texas market conditions, in general seem relatively stable. This review of real estate markets around Texas reveals that Texas, especially in relation to other states in the country that have … More
Annual report covering the 2007 activities of the University Technology Enterprise Network (UTEN). UTEN is a technology commercialization program of the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab), administered by the IC² Institute of the University of Texas at Austin in collaboration with … More
Annual report for the UT Austin|Portugal Program (CoLab) for the year 2007. Covers CoLab's educational, research, and outreach activities in Portugal and Austin in its programs in Digital Media, Mathematics, and Advanced Computing. CoLab is a joint program of the … More
With pressure from a softening housing market and tightening credit conditions, the national economy is at greater risk for recession than it has been since 2001. The Texas economy could have been expected to show signs of fatigue this year, … More
Both the state of Texas and the city of Austin have pursued a cluster-based approach to economic development. Since 2004, the Greater Austin Chamber of Commerce (GACC) has raised $14 million in private funds through its "Opportunity Austin" campaign to … More
As the world turns to clean energy sources, Texas has a strategic opportunity to expand its traditional energy leadership capacity into solar power. This article is the second in a two-part series examining the photovoltaics (PV) industry in Texas. The … More
Report on the economic potential of the solar energy industry in Texas.
Why isn't Texas – with its natural solar endowment, semi-conductor expertise, energy business talent, and scientific leadership – a national and global leader in the solar industry? This two-part TBR article establishes the economic, public policy, and technological rationale for … More
Accelerating Technology-based Economic Growth and Entrepreneurship in Greater Moncton Part B, Full Data Presentation
Report prepared for the Moncton Technology Planning Group, Moncton, NB, Canada. It emphasizes the importance of having common visions and action plans to mobilize key local partnerships.
The Economic and Workforce Impacts of Hurricane Katrina, Demographic and Related Changes on NASA's Space Shuttle Program
Two reports on the economic and workforce effects of Hurricane Katrina, aging workforce and related factors on NASA's Space Shuttle Program efforts along the Gulf Coast. The research was conducted by a joint team from the Ray Marshall Center and … More
The challenge of connecting people, ideas, and resources across communities stems from the quest for enhanced competition and cooperation in an increasingly interconnected world. At the same time, the basic infrastructure to foster wealth creation is asymmetrically distributed across regions … More
Report on the potential for industrial development of geologic sequestration of CO₂ in the Texas Gulf Coast region. Funded in part by the IC² Institute.
Economic development in Oklahoma and Texas has often involved one state's efforts to snatch companies from the other. When competing against one another, the Oklahoma-Texas rivalry could sometimes become blood sport. However, leaders from both sides of the Red River … More
This report examines the waste tire problem along the Texas-Mexico border and explores the possibility of evaluating aerial imagery in GIS-based software in order to identify clandestine tire piles. Remote sensing technologies are promising for the continued effort to recycle … More
This report describes and assesses policies for management of used oil in both the U.S. and Mexico, with particular focus on the El Paso-Ciudad Juárez area. The report begins with an evaluation of Texas’s used oil management system, from the … More
This publication presents the results of a policy research project conducted during the 2006-2007 academic year that examined the availability of health coverage for U.S. retirees in Mexico. The project surveyed more than 1,000 retirees in Mexico, and students visited … More
Accelerating Technology-based Economic Growth and Entrepreneurship in Greater Moncton: Part A, Executive Summary
Report prepared for the Moncton Technology Planning Group, Moncton, NB, Canada. It emphasizes the importance of having common visions and action plans to mobilize key local partnerships.
The predominant view in the literature is that cities affect labor productivity because spatial proximity facilitates the transfer of ideas which make workers more productive. We also anticipate that information technology, or IT (both equipment and labor), by facilitating human … More
In 1907, the Texas Legislature responded to the needs of Texas farmers by establishing the Department of Agriculture to better coordinate agricultural policy and services. Now, 100 years later, it is time for a similar response on behalf of Texas … More
“Impact Assessment of the State of Texas Advanced Research Program” evaluated 1312 basic research projects funded at Texas universities since 1987. Economic impacts from principal investigators were compiled, and information was developed about the program’s ability to attract exceptional students … More
The Texas Population Projections and Estimates Program in the Texas State Data Center and The Office of the State Demographer in the Institute for Demographic and Socioeconomic Research at The University of Texas at San Antonio recently released revised post-2000 … More
Texas faces the challenge of maintaining and growing its capacity to innovate at a time when global competitors are aggressively pursuing markets that have generated economic success for Texas companies in the recent past. Thus, the Digital Convergence Initiative (DCI), … More
Cameron County, Texas and Matamoros, Mexico face the Rio Grande River where it meets the Gulf of Mexico; it is a place of natural beauty and agricultural strength. The region has a strong economic and cultural heritage, established educational assets … More
At the state level, the majority of Texas’ trade historically has been, and continues to be, with Mexico. Texas and Mexico have leveraged their common border to establish a relationship that shapes local economies and policies on both sides. But … More
As the Texas economy continues its expansion from the 2001 recession, the need for seed and growth capital for young companies is intense. A new funding program addresses this need, authorized by the Texas Legislature in 2001 and implemented in … More
Report on the importance of manufacturing to the Texas economy and on proposals to create a Secretary of Manufacturing to promote manufacturing in Texas.
In 1987, the state legislature appropriated funds for applied research to diversify the state’s economy through the Texas Advanced Technology Program (ATP). These funds targeted projects to educate the state’s scientists and engineers, create new products and production processes, and … More
Scholars from different disciplines and perspectives increasingly recognize that modern regional economic growth critically depends on factors like active networking, favorable institutions, entrepreneurial spirit and a fast production and circulation of knowledge. Regional Development and Conditions for Innovation in the … More
Shoppers around the world cross borders from one country in order to shop in another. In fact, shopping is increasingly recognized as a primary motive for international travel. Nowhere is this more evident than at the Texas-Mexico border. A report … More
As government seeks to hold the line on broad-based tax rates, some departments and agencies have implemented market-based activities as a means to maintain and expand public services. Two entrepreneurial success stories can be found in the voluntary programs of … More
Innovation is a key driving force for sustainable growth, especially in emerging economies, and the shaping of regional policies that stimulate localized learning and innovation is the foundation for this growth. This book examines the challenges that decision makers face … More
The Market Opportunity for Multiple Antenna Technology for Next Generation Broadband Wireless Systems
The rapid growth of the Internet user base and of bandwidth-hungry applications in recent years has created a need for broadband wireless (BW) access for residential and business consumers. The only predictable trend is that data rates and QoS requirements … More
Rich natural resources, abundant land, a central location within the United States, and a business-friendly environment have long attracted both immigrants and U.S. natives to Texas. As a result, the state has grown faster, with a younger and more diverse … More
Spring 2005 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics awarded to IC² Institute Fellow Finn Kydland; appointment of 18 Endowed Research Fellows; and news from Fellows Rob Adams, Debra Amidon, William … More
The State of Texas invests in higher education in order to develop the human capital of the state. These investments result in a large number of benefits, including increased productivity, earning gains, market entry of products and services, and many … More
“Impact Assessment of the State of Texas Advanced Technology Program” evaluated 1850 applied research projects funded at Texas universities since 1987. Economic impacts from principal investigators and private sector partners were compiled, university administrative officials and venture capitalists were interviewed … More
In 2004, Mexican immigrants in the United States sent a record of $16.6 billion dollars to their relatives in Mexico. Cross-border consolidation of banks has created the opportunity for migrants to send money home at no cost. However, most migrants … More
Forecast of the economic impact and educational needs associated with M2M technologies in the state of Texas. M2M stands for "machine to machine" and refers to technologies which enable networking or remote access to devices embedded in physical, chemical and … More
What creates growth in a local economy? Answers to this question have varied markedly over the last forty years. In the 1980s, the revolutionary concept that knowledge, rather than labor and physical capital, was the prime engine of economic growth. … More
During the 1990s, the number of Latina small businesses grew by an extraordinary 209 percent. These privately-held, majority-owned businesses accounted for $29.4 billion in receipts and employed nearly 198,000 workers. Research shows that growth rates for Latina entrepreneurs and microentrepreneurs … More
In recent years, renewable energy has gained ground as a viable future source of energy in the electric industry. Such recognition has been due to the environmentally friendly aspects of renewables resources, federal government incentives and state government mandates, and … More
In the early 1990s, the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement, linking Canada, Mexico, and the United States, prompted intense debate. Today, ten years after the agreement took effect, it remains a flash point, much criticized in both Mexico and … More
The Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) is a $2 billion federal set-aside for small, technology-oriented business development. SBIR funding helps young firms bring their products to market. Texas, despite a richly deserved and growing reputation as a technology hub … More
In many developing countries, venture capital investing remains a nascent industry. However, investment in private equity has been picking up in Mexico and throughout Latin America over the past year as investors regain confidence in the region and learn to … More
Feasibility study for the development of an educational, science, and technology park to be located near Belize City, Belize. Includes comparative data on the economic devlopment potential of Belize and other locations in the Caribbean region.
Forecast of trends in the digital game industry, including economic impact and workforce needs, with recommendations for Texas community and technical colleges.
This report explores the near-term future of wireless – ubiquitous mobile voice and data communication, with focus on three categories of wireless services and products (existing cellular and PCS services and products; licensed radio spectrum wireless services and products, such … More
December 2003 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: the IC² Institute Poland Project; the creation of the Kozmetsky Global Collaboratory (KGC) in conjunction with Stanford University; and research news from the Digital Media Collaboratory (DMC).
An increasingly volatile market price for U.S. natural gas, the inadequacy of domestic natural gas reserves, and the continuing development of new natural gas-based electric generation capacity have created a heightened interest in imported liquefied natural gas (LNG), and plans … More
The Mexican in-bond assembly, or maquiladora, manufacturing sector has taken its fair share of lumps in recent years. The industry has experienced a business cycle downturn in the U.S., intermittent border closures, higher tax burdens, fiscal uncertainty, competition from offshore … More
Approximately 5.6 million baby boomers live in Texas, comprising 26.9% of the state's population. As this group matures, so does the Texas workforce. This aging trend will significantly affect the state's general workforce and have an even more pronounced impact … More
This report includes a feasibility analysis for establishing an incubator in Cedar Park, Texas, development of a strategy for increasing the number of entrepreneurs, and identification of approaches for cooperation between the community and nearby educational institutions.
Review of the programs and activities of the International Science and Technology Center (ISTC) in Moscow, Russia, with recommendations. ISTC is an organization that facilitates commercial occupations for Russian scientists formerly working on weapons of mass destruction.
Developed in 2002 by the Bureau of Business Research (BBR), the Austin Index began as a pilot project to benchmark the economy of the Austin-San Marcos metropolitan statistical area (MSA). The Index uses twenty indicators (measurements) to illustrate Austin's performance … More
Position paper by the Digital Media Collaboratory (DMC) of the IC² Institute at The University of Texas at Austin. The authors envision learning systems as a ubiquitous public utility and propose an architecture to accomplish it. The paper includes a … More
A major change is underway in the relationship between mainstream financial institutions and the U.S. Latino population. From small independents like Second Federal Savings in Chicago to the nation's largest retail bank, Bank of America, these institutions display an intense … More
Catching the Next Wave in the Corridor: The Convergence of Biotechnology, Nanotechnology and Information Technology
Report on strategies for economic development in the Austin-San Antonio corridor based on an anticipated convergence of biotechnology, nanotechnology, and information technology.
At the request of Lt. Governor Bill Ratliff in 2002, the Bureau of Business Research (BBR) examined the relationship between credit history and insurance losses in automobile insurance. With the assistance of the leading automobile insurers in Texas, the BBR … More
Over the past decade, the insurance industry has begun using credit histories to create credit scores for individuals who apply for or, sometimes, renew automobile and other insurance policies. Insurers use these scores in rate-making decisions, raising premiums for individuals … More
Cameron County/Matamoros at the Crossroads: Assets and Challenges for Accelerated Regional and Binational Development
Study of assets and challenges for knowledge-based economic development in the Lower Rio Grande Valley. Includes demographic, economic, and education data for the region, as well as results of a survey of government and business leaders concerning economic development strategy.
This article explores the characteristics of venture business and entrepreneurs in Korea to (1) identify technology transfer activities, (2) analyze the differences between technology transfer in linear and nonlinear venture businesses, and (3) guide more effective venture business policy and … More
Business incubators have a 25-year history in the US. Today they number more than 800. Most are non-profit entities, many associated with universities. This article provides a general overview of business incubation in the US and provides a case study … More
Incubating and Networking Technology Commercialization Centers among Emerging, Developing, and Mature Technopoleis Worldwide
The ability and desire to access knowledge and to be able to learn and put knowledge to work is central to regional economic development and for globalization to be a force for drawing the world together. This chapter presents the … More
The modern corporation is an efficient means of organizing large-scale production because it encourages efficient contracting. The corporate form of organization also facilitates combining the capital from many dispersed investors with the skills of a professional management team. Therefore, it … More
November 2002 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter.
Overview of clean energy technologies, their economic potential, and the resources making up an emerging clean energy cluster in Central Texas.
"Internet Business Method Patents" by John R. Allison and Emerson H. Tiller: Companies operating over the Internet have aggressively pursued business method patents in recent years. While there has been much criticism about the PTO’s generosity in granting such patents, … More
Among the projects listed in 1926 for the newly established Bureau of Business Research (BBR) at the University of Texas at Austin was the "issuance of a publication setting forth the economic health of the state." And so began Texas … More
As defined by the World Bank, "e-government" refers to the use by government agencies of information technologies (such as Wide Area Networks, the Internet, and mobile computing) that can transform their relations with citizens, businesses, and other areas of government. … More
"Empresarias Decididas: Women Entrepreneurs in the Americas" by Elsie L. Echeverri-Carroll and Daniela Brandazza: Statistics indicated noteworthy increases in the numbers of U.S. and Canadian women entrepreneurs in the 1990s. What factors contributed to this growth? And do these factors … More
The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, brought the issue of U.S. border security to the forefront. In the weeks following the attacks, heightened U.S. security measures caused serious delays on the … More
Report on a study of strengths and challenges for accelerating technology-based growth and entrepreneurship in San Angelo and the Concho Valley region of Texas, with particular emphasis on the feasibility of a business incubator. Sections of the report are devoted … More
The way to promote “inclusive development,” the process of development that includes every citizen in any country, has become a wide-ranging puzzle. These essays examine the role of education and the university in economic development. Contributors to this volume contend … More
In Texas, the entrepreneurial spirit of our people is our most renewable resource. We believe that innovations from Texas entrepreneurs will drive our State’s economic growth in the 21 st century. When it comes to planning for our economic future, … More
Study prepared for the Greater Waco Technology Planning Group to assist in visioning a new economic future for Waco. The Executive Summary, which is prepared as a stand-alone document, is included in the main report along with a section of … More
Knowledge Interaction Towards Inclusive Learning: Promoting Systems of Innovation and Competence Building
This paper draws on recent conceptual approaches to economic growth, in which the accumulation of knowledge is the fundamental driving force behind growth. This fact is reflected in the trend in developed economies towards an increasing investment in advanced technology, … More
Annual report of the IC² Institute (Innovation, Creativity, and Capital) at The University of Texas at Austin. Programs covered include: Austin Technology Incubator; Cross Border Institute for Regional Development (CBIRD); Emerging Texas Economy; IC² Fellows; IC² Women's Forum; International Conference … More
The Austin Equity Commission (AEC) was created in May 2000 and charged with building a consensus around a strategic vision for long-range economic prosperity and social equity. Using the Austin Index and the U.S. Census of Population to compare wage … More
“Quicklook” Assessment of Greater Adelaide’s Assets and Challenges for Accelerated Technology-Based Growth
Study of assets and challenges for accelerated technology-based growth in Adelaide, South Australia.
Assets and Challenges for Accelerated Technology-Based Growth in Hidalgo County: A Knowledge-Based Benchmarking
Assessment of assets and challenges to the development of a knowledge-based economy in Hidalgo County, Texas, driven by technology industries, second-generation manufacturing, and value-added support services. Includes data on demographics, economy, education, infrastructure, and business activity, as well as a … More
If all goes as planned, by January 1, 2002, customer choice will have been introduced to most Texans currently served by investor-owned electric utilities. In some other states, like California, the transition to a competitive retail electricity market has proven … More
From the days when the oil and cattle industries reigned in Texas to the current dominance of the information technology and manufacturing sectors, the state export environment has been historically rich. The second largest exporter in the U.S., Texas accounts … More
Computers route actual data packets according to Internet protocol addresses, but these numbers are difficult for people to remember. The domain name system was developed so that easily remembered names, rather than their numeric equivalents, could be used as address … More
All over the world, companies increasingly depend on new products and services to spark profit growth and renewal of their assets. One of the main challenges facing executives at these companies is how to apply information technology and the Internet … More
Scattered throughout the state budget, these programs surface not only in the Texas Department of Economic Development and the Texas Workforce Commission, but also in agencies as disparate as the Texas Agricultural Extension Service, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice, … More
The author argues that a new type of institution, a "Center for the Performing Sciences," is necessary to efficiently close the gap between research and the application of innovation. Such a center would operate as a public-private partnership, bridging government, … More
Understanding the factors that drive corporate site location decisions is critical to the public officials, economic development professionals, and local leaders responsible for attracting new business locations and expansions to their communities. More than 30 foreign corporations that had recently … More
Policymakers in high-technology cities have become increasingly concerned that large segments of their populations are not reaping the benefits of the economic growth associated with these industries. Though it should be noted that our perception of the positive correlation between … More
Most current literature on knowledge and technology transfer (Appropriability Model, Dissemination Model, and Knowledge Utilization Model), describe the process of transfer in details, but has limitation in terms of their application in contemporary high-tech industries since most studies have not … More
In the late 1970s, Texas experienced a remarkable spurt of migration-induced population growth. One of the main reasons for the surge in migration was the much-touted Texas business climate. This part of the Sun Belt was awash in energy and … More
"A Giant Awakens: The Promises and Challenges of MERCOSUR" by Chandler Stolp: Mercosur (Mercado Comun del Sur, or the Common Market of the South) is the largest trade and investment bloc in the world after the European Union (EU) and … More
Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture.
Address by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture.
High-tech industries are our most strategically important source of new products and processes. These industries generate much, if not most, of the competitive advantages that U.S.-made goods and services enjoy in domestic and international markets. Consequently, news about anything high … More
According to many economic development specialists, cities that support high-tech industries can expect to show higher and longer running rates of growth. Such has been the case in Austin. However, economic growth does not come without a price. The Austin … More
Despite the unprecedented development and growth of knowledge during the 20th century, the evolution of a peaceful 21st century will depend on our ability to address the challenges of prosperity, sustainability, and security. From these challenges, this collection seeks to … More
This report provides an analysis of technology-based entrepreneurship, R&D and university technology transfer, workforce training, financing, and industry clusters, and benchmarks the Canary Islands with other regions and small nations.
Daunting air quality problems in Texas have brought state government under increasing public pressure to enact strict controls on air emissions. The Texas Natural Resources Conservation Commission (TNRCC) launched a voluntary emissions reduction (VERPs) program to encourage plants to reduce … More
In recent years, the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) has emerged as the largest state agency and, with approximately 40,000 jobs, probably the largest employer of any type in Texas. Most of its employees are correctional officers guarding 144,000 … More
This report evaluates the Certified Capital Companies Economic Development Program (CAPCO), an innovative state government program for financing emerging companies in the State of Missouri. Certified capital company programs provide a state tax credit to insurance companies for providing venture … More
In the rapidly emerging, global digital business environment, the speed of change will be limited only by the laws of physics. What kind of organizations will thrive in such a world? According to the Theory of Relativity, time stands still … More
In view of the current socio-economic context, in which innovation is a key driving force for the sustainable development, which challenges are facing education and research to enhance and nurture innovation and better contribute to help developing and exploiting engineering, … More
The digital economy is made possible by the World Wide Web is growing at an astounding rate. Digital products can be assembled, customized, and packaged in almost an infinite number of ways to meet changing customer demands for instant delivery. … More
The increasingly rapid rate of change in technology has been accompanied by an increasingly rapid rate of consumer acceptance and the effects of this new technology on industry have been revolutionary. The main driver of the transition toward a more … More
Knowledge for Inclusive Development: The Challenges of Globally Integrated Learning and Implications for Science and Technology Policy
As the importance of knowledge creation and diffusion is increasingly recognized as a major driver of economic growth, questions are starting to emerge on how to establish the conditions that foster the processes of knowledge sharing across countries at different … More
The Workforce Investment Act (Public Law 105-220), signed into law August 7, 1998, represents the culmination of bipartisan efforts to reform the nation’s workforce development programs. On July 1, 1999, Texas began implementing the provisions of this law, one of … More
Presentation to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) on electronic commerce in Japan, how it is different from e-commerce in the US, and the challenges that foreign companies face entering the e-commerce market in Japan.
Presentation on post-Cold War security issues and international relations in Japan. Delivered to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) at The University of Texas at Austin on August 11, 1999.
Traditionally, the U.S. electric utility industry has been subject to a comprehensive system of government regulation. However, in the 1980s, policymakers and economists increasingly questioned the need for regulatory oversight of some utility functions. Particularly in Texas, the potential for … More
Discusses the tactical decisions firms make in the process of establishing management systems in overseas subsidiaries and their strategic effects on the function of the management system as it relates to organizational learning. Introduces a typology of organizational learning models … More
Explores Japan’s economic predicament and prospects for eventual recovery. Describes the origins of Japan’s economic issues and draws contrasts between Japan and America/Europe in terms of human resources, finance and politics. Offers three schools of thought on what will happen … More
As part of the Japan Industry and Management of Technology (JIMT) Speaker Series, discusses the importance of entrepreneurship and new technologies in securing Japan’s full economic recovery from the current economic slump. Describes the history of Japanese entrepreneurship, which experienced … More
The Regional Economic Impact of New Airport Construction: The Case of Austin-Bergstrom International Airport
In the late 1980, it became apparent that Austin’s Robert Mueller Municipal Airport would not be equal to the demands generated by the growth of the city surrounding it. Consequently, in September 1993, Austin voters approved $400 million in revenue … More
The debate over the value of tax incentives as an economic development tool is primarily based on disagreement over the ability of state and local governments to act rationally and competently to improve the welfare of their residents. The real … More
Introduces the economic conditions and high-tech research and development scenarios in post-crisis Asia. Explores challenges and opportunities for American high tech industries. Discusses issues related to doing business with the Japanese and Chinese, including understanding management and the need for … More
Argues that the principal contributor to changes in Japan’s political economy is the decline of Japanese governmental control over capital flows and foreign exchange rates brought about by structural “gaiatsu”, or direct foreign pressure. Differs from previous analysis of gaiatsu … More
Imagine you are an entrepreneur. You have started a rapidly-growing venture, or at least you have devised a realistic plan for one. after carefully assembling an operating plan, including a detailed budget, you determine that you will need $960,000 to … More
The venture capital business is changing, again. Coincident with the rapid evolution of technology and industry, the venture capital business has in its short history, reinvented itself and its image. The number of services has increased and grown more varied. … More
Argues that Japan has the potential to be recognized as a post-Cold War superpower, but has not been able to do so because of a lack of military/nuclear power and its alignment with the U.S. Discusses two security options, developing … More
The end of the 20th century finds major U.S. cities in the midst of significant change, precipitated by important economic and demographic trends. first, the foundations of the U.S. economy have definitively shifted away from the blue collar “resource economy” … More
At the beginning of this century, a new advertising industry came of age in the United States. Now, at the turn of the 21st century, new global media and audiences are reshaping this industry and the advertising we see. The … More
Argues that there is no micro foundation for microeconomic fluctuations, or business cycles, based on the law of large numbers in probability theory and statistical mechanics. Discusses the Lucas model of rational expectations as inconsistent with the efficient market hypotheses … More
Remarks on the trend toward corporatism in the U.S. and outlines the latest developments, namely the MAI treaty, and examines how what we know about Japanese business and society does and does not signal what we can expect from increased … More
Discusses three important questions and issues regarding Japan’s role in global environmental affairs: how the environmental movement has evolved in Japan; what the country’s major environmental policy challenges are on the local-national, regional and global level; and, how Japanese companies … More
Annual report of the IC² Institute (Innovation, Creativity, and Capital) at The University of Texas at Austin. Programs covered include: Agile Aerospace Manufacturing Research; Austin Multimedia Incubator; Austin Technology Incubator; Center for Technological Innovation (CTI) in Charleston, South Carolina; EnterTech … More
The rapid employment growth of the Mexican in-bond plants, or maquiladoras, lists prominently among the most conspicuous industrial phenomena occurring the wake of the North American Free Trade Agreement. In the four years from December 1993 to December 1997, maquiladora … More
Discusses, as an interim report by an academic involved in the emergency policy package to stabilize the Japanese financial system, the objective of the capital injection to 21 banks in March 1998, the merger package and ultimate failure of the … More
Describes research showing how American brands come to dominate similar market segments in developed and emerging countries. Discusses recent evidence suggesting that product standardization and promotion adaptation, rather than standardization across marketing functions, earn profits worldwide and create value added … More
The financial sector promotes a nation’s economic growth and performance. By facilitating the transfer of funds from surplus income units to deficit spending units, financial intermediaries foster expansion of the economic system. But do financial markets and institutions merely facilitate … More
In 1997, a new privatized, government-mandated retirement system came into existence in Mexico. Within this system, private companies called Administradoras de Fondos de Retiro (AFORE) manage pension funds for workers who joined the labor force on or after July 1, … More
Defining “high technology” is not easy. However, one component of defining it has been widely accepted: a high percentage of both R&D expenditures and engineers and scientists. The assumption here is that high-tech industries, because of their innovative nature, spend … More
Business services, also called producer services, are intermediate activities that provide inputs for the production of goods or other services, rather than directly serving final consumers. They enhance efficiency and add value at various stages of production processes, both upstream … More
Summer 1998 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: Robert Ronstadt named IC² Institute Director; the Globally Networked Entrepreneurship (GNE) Project; launch of the EnterTech computer-based job skills training program; collaboration with the Instituto Superior Técnico … More
In today’s knowledge-based global economy, intellectual assets often supersede physical assets as the basis of corporate value. Increasingly, companies build their competitive advantage upon a foundation of intellectual assets, and shareholder value has become a direct reflection of the ability … More
Technology transfer describes a formal transferring of new discoveries and innovations resulting from scientific research conducted at universities to the commercial sector. This article explores the reason why there has been tremendous growth in technology transfer programs, the benefits and … More
Discusses Zero Time, or manipulating time as an independent variable, as critical to any enterprise’s success in the 21st Century. Discusses five disciplines of a Zero Time organization (customer value driven, knowledgization, holonic management, zero resistance and inclusion) and how … More
In recent years, public concern for environmental quality, high compliance and disposal costs, and reduction of landfill space has prompted many manufacturers and businesses to consider recycling or selling their wastes and to use recycled materials in their processes or … More
By some calculations, Texas became a new energy importer in 1991. In that year, the BTU (or heat) value of Texas consumption of petroleum products, natural gas, propane, and renewable energy (wood, wind, and solar) exceeded the BTU value of … More
Describes the current state of Japan with an eye on the signs that show where the country is going, and how it may affect foreign businesses. Examines one established industry, aerospace, and one new industry, environmental, and identifies opportunities for … More
Since the late 1980s, the growth of the Austin regional economy has outpaced that of other medium-sized high-tech centers. Austin’s economic expansion was based on four private sector growth drivers: computer and office equipment, electronic and electrical equipment, software, and … More
Argues for changes in the traditional way of viewing economic growth and questions the role that contemporary institutions, specifically universities, play in this process. Shows, empirically, the increasing importance that knowledge is assuming in economic activity in developed countries. Outlines … More
The author argues that a new type of institution, a "Center for the Performing Sciences," is necessary to efficiently close the gap between research and the application of innovation. Such a center would operate as a public-private partnership, bridging government, … More
This project was undertaken to evaluate whether the Texas Manufacturing Institute (TMI) could operate without state appropriated funds. This feasibility study focused on alternative funding sources available to the TMI in lieu of state funding and how the "implementation of … More
High-technology firms compete globally by bringing products to market quickly and efficiently. In a recent sample of high-technology companies in Texas, 84% reported the introduction of a new process or product during 1994-96. However, only 33% introduced new products and … More
The Texas Telecommunications Policy Institute on the Texas Poll surveyed a random sample of 1,000 Texans on a quarterly basis in order to understand how people in the state are currently using telecommunications and computers and to explore their attitudes … More
Discusses U.S.-Japanese competitiveness and how it might affect policy and the high-technology industry. Describes Japanese knowledge and spatial networks with a focus on their contribution to innovations. Discusses previous studies on the high-tech industry, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of … More
In the plenary address to the INFORMS Dallas Fall 2007 conference for Operations Research and Management Sciences (OR/MS), discusses the synergy between OR/MS and digital technology. Describes historically and prospectively the synergy between OR/MS and new disciplines as well as … More
In a presentation at the Fall 1997 CBA Advisory Dinner, discusses three mega business trends: (1) the transformation of high technology business from U.S. dominance to a global commodity-based industry, (2) the need for transfer of leadership from the public … More
Commercialization of the Internet has been one of the hottest topics around the world in recent years. The growth of this medium and the new capabilities deliverable on the World Wide Web has excited entrepreneurs, transforming some of them into … More
In this era of the virtual corporation, three Texas cities ranked in the top ten of Fortune magazine's 1995 best places that "serve the evolving workplace": Austin, Dallas, and Houston. This new workplace embraces the "work anywhere, anytime" paradigm – … More
Report on a study of the opportunities for and challenges of incorporating recycled materials in the production processes of twelve important manufacturing industries in Texas, including, among others, the primary and fabricated metal, computer and electronics, and printing and paper … More
By-product synergy (also known as “green twinning,” “industrial symbiosis,” and “zero waste/zero emissions/100% product emissions”) emphasizes the cooperation among diverse industries, agriculture, and communities that results in profitable conversion of by-products and wastes to resources promoting sustainability. This article examines … More
In a presentation to the Southern Growth Policy Board’s 1997 Conference on the Future of the South, argues that partnership, including Public Private Partnerships, for the 21st century needs to be about winning combinations. Describes the change in resources that … More
Examination of the production potential and demand in Texas for renewable energy from three sources: solar photovoltaic cells, wind and bioenergy.
Examination of whether Texas has become a new importer of energy resources. The answer depends on the method of comparison, by heating value or economic value.
Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Initiative and the Politics of International Technology Collaboration
Discusses Japan’s Intelligent Manufacturing Systems (IMS) initiative, an international research program in manufacturing technology with the goal of developing a next-generation production system to maximize efficiency by integrating the entire range of business activity from order-booking through design, manufacture and … More
Discusses the significance of the Japanese government’s role in the development of fax technology as a good model of how governments can influence the agents shaping technology. Describes how the Japanese government’s push on domestic fax manufacturers and telephone companies … More
Discusses the opportunity for change in Japan towards a more gender-equitable system. Describes the role of women in Japan’s industrialization and development of its peculiar management system. Discusses the legal, corporate and external framework for workforce equality. Explains the role … More
Discusses management and technical staff’s extensive use of visual images in the control system of Japanese factories to structure information so that everyone may understand the plan, execute it, identify errors and solve any problems related to performance gaps. Describes … More
Opening Address to The Second World Conference on Integrated Design & Process Technology of the Society for Design & Process Science (SDPS)
Discusses generational road maps and commercialization of science and technology. Describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, and the changes facing all five basic dimensions of society – economic, political, social, cultural and scientific/technological. … More
A study of resources and opportunities for technology-based economic development in Charleston, South Carolina. The study draws on interviews and a survey of managers of technology-intensive enterprises and public-sector institutions in the Charleston area conducted in June 1996.
In a commencement address to the Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, describes the current lack of clear-cut generally acceptable road maps, formal or informal, for dealing with societal challenges … More
Discusses a new trend among Japan’s giant electronics and telecommunications companies and ministries: a concerted effort to develop a multimedia society like the one growing in the U.S. Describes efforts by Japanese computer and electronics conglomerates to promote multimedia by … More
Fall 1995 newsletter of the IC² Center for Commercialization and Enterprise ("C²E") at The University of Texas at Austin. Reports on activities of the IC² Institute's economic development programs including the Austin Technology Incubator, the NASA Johnson and NASA Ames … More
Fall 1994 newsletter of the IC² Center for Commercialization and Enterprise ("C²E") at The University of Texas at Austin. Reports on activities of the IC² Institute's economic development programs including the Austin Technology Incubator, the NASA Johnson and NASA Ames … More
Study of the economic impact of the University of Texas System, using three approaches: assessment of the rates of return on investment in human and knowledge capital; estimation of the size of the System's total economic activity and its net … More
Summer 1994 issue of the IC² Institute newsletter. Topics in this issue include: President Bill Clinton awards National Medal of Technology to IC² Institute Director George Kozmetsky; Austin Technology Incubator is named national Incubator of the Year; Institute Fellows hold … More
This report uses survey data on current and prospective members of the Texas Capital Network to discuss and contrast the characteristics of private and institutional investor respondents in terms of funding amounts and preferences. The report is organized as follows: … More
Summary of a strategic plan by the Austin Software Council (ASC) to stimulate development of the Austin, Texas software industry. Reviews the history of the ASC; identifies stakeholders in Austin from government, university, and industry; describes a network of strategic … More
Winter 1993-1994 newsletter of the IC² Center for Commercialization and Enterprise ("C²E") at The University of Texas at Austin. Reports on activities of the IC² Institute's economic development programs including the Austin Technology Incubator, the NASA Johnson and NASA Ames … More
Report on the Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) project undertaken by the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in the period 1982-1992. The Fifth Generation Computer was developed using a framework of parallel processing and inference processing based … More
Report benchmarking the demographics, infrastructure, business and technology characteristics of Austin area software development firms in 1993. Includes a timeline of Austin's development as a technology center and a directory of 359 software firms in the region.
Discusses the nature of committed and determined costs in a new product development project, and quantifies their relationship to project uncertainty. Introduces the concept of product, process, schedule and market (PPSM) intelligence and emphasizes its use for jointly considering marketing … More
Case study of the successful commercialization of a new rapid prototyping process, Selective Laser Sintering (SLS), developed at The University of Texas at Austin and licensed in 1987-88 to the startup DTM Corp.
Report prepared in 1992 for Travis County and City of Austin officials considering the Balcones Canyonlands Conservation Plan, a habitat conservation plan for the black-capped vireo, golden-cheeked warbler, six karst invertebrates, and two plant species. The research evaluated the comparative … More
Data Envelopment Analysis and Commercial Bank Performance: A Primer with Applications to Missouri Banks
This paper describes a particular methodology called Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), that has been used previously to analyze the relative efficiencies of industrial firms, universities, hospitals, military operations, baseball players and, more recently, commercial banks. The use of DEA is … More
Report to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency on phase 1 of a study on workstations in education and training. The report considers the benefits of computer-assisted education and training; advances in the capabilities of workstation hardware and networks forecasted … More
Working paper developed from a lecture presented in Seoul about the role of Korea in the New World Order. Summarizes the historical background of the concept of a New World Order and its evolution after the Gulf War of 1990-91. … More
Exploratory study to report on the current status of Austin's technology-based manufacturing industries, to identify emerging technologies that may be important to the Austin economy, and to provide a perspective on the technology-based industries that may be significant to Austin … More
A Review of the Economic Feasibility of a Privately Financed High Speed Passenger Rail System in Texas
This report reviews the economic feasibility of a new, privately financed, intercity rail passenger service in Texas. It assesses the "Texas Triangle High Speed Rail" study (TTA study), and the two technical volumes supporting it, issued by the Texas Turnpike … More
Data envelopment analysis (DEA) is extended to the case of stochastic inputs and outputs through the use of chance-constrained programming. The chance-constrained envelope envelops a given set of observations "most of the time." We show that the chance-constrained enveloping process … More
The purpose of this document is to describe and to propose research into the process of technology transfer between universities and industry. When examined as a process, technology transfer refers to the effective exchange of technical information among scientists and … More
Estimation of the Time Path of the Supply Price of an Exhaustible Resource: The Case of Oil and Natural Gas
Explores the interplay of geopolitical, economic, geological and operational factors that may disrupt the gradual upwards shift of the supply price of non-replenishable resources, specifically oil and natural gas. Describes the econometric identification of the supply price curve for oil … More
A response to the book "The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers" by Paul Kennedy (1987).
Examination of the factors contributing to the development of the Austin/San Antonio corridor as a high-technology center in the years 1945-1986. The paper uses a conceptual framework called the Technopolis Wheel, which identifies seven segments as fundamental in regional high-tech … More
Impacts of Deregulation on Performance and Management of the Largest American Transportation Companies
The effects of the past quarter century of deregulation on the transportation industry in the United States are many and varied. Impacts have been felt at the level of the industry as a whole, at the level of mode-based industry … More
To better understand the development of high technology industry in Texas, this monograph compares the high-technology industrial composition of Texas with that of California, Massachusetts, and North Carolina. Chapters examine interstate differences in high-technology industrial development by comparing (1) recent … More
The authors call for the state of Texas to meet 25% of its need for new job creation through technology venturing, which they estimate to be 42,500 jobs per year or 820,000 new jobs over twenty years. In order to … More
Recent history and future trends of leadership roles for women, as well as the author's guidelines for women leaders. Speech delivered to the Amarillo Women's Network in Amarillo, Texas on May 17, 1983.
This study analyses energy consumption and production for each state in the U.S. The data in the analysis were collected for three time periods – 1960, 1974 and 1978. The study determines the changes that have taken place in energy … More
This monograph is intended as a practical guide to business applications of the theory of discrimination information statistics as developed by Kullback (1959) and Charnes and Cooper (1975 et seq.). A guide to modeling and computation methods is presented, with … More
Extending Liles' work in the development of an effective "enabling strategy," the author has formulated a set of 20 operating guidelines for effective venture capital funds management. The guidelines presented in this paper are the result of a detailed study … More
A two-phase model for venture capital portfolio selection and management is presented. The portfolio selection phase of the model, based on data collected in a 1974 study of 140 venture capital firms and 368 venture capital investments, permits the computation … More
A multiperiod mixed integer linear programming model is proposed as a guide to the urgent expansion of the production and interregional distribution of American coal. The model, run under various scenarios of resource costs and governmental restrictions, should serve as … More
Forecast of the impact of new information technologies on management in the period 1971-1990. Summarizes and extends three studies commissioned by the Conference Board in 1970.
Report on the benefits associated with activities and resources of Galveston Bay. Aggregates data from a variety of sources on the economic value of the Galveston Bay waters in three sectors: (1) recreation, (2) natural resources, and (3) industry and … More