Austin, Boston, Silicon Valley, and New York: Case studies in the location choices of entrepreneurs in maintaining the Technopolis

Using institutional theory as a guiding framework, this study operationalized the “Technopolis” wheel, an innovative framework for understanding the factors and institutional structures and connections that are critical to developing and sustaining geographically concentrated technology clusters. We analyzed four established ecosystems (Silicon Valley, Austin, Boston, and New York) for technology entrepreneurship as case studies, using indicators derived from the core segments of the Technopolis wheel to better understand how (1) networks and connectedness, (2) investment capital, and (3) innovation and R&D influence entrepreneur movement in different regions. The analysis in this study makes several important contributions to the literature on technology clusters, regional advantage, and entrepreneur movement.