Regional Patterns of Energy Consumption and Production in the United States: 1960, 1974 and 1978

This study analyses energy consumption and production for each state in the U.S. The data in the analysis were collected for three time periods – 1960, 1974 and 1978. The study determines the changes that have taken place in energy production and consumption during the time periods among the fifty states. The two time intervals are sufficiently long enough to detect major regional shifts in energy production and consumption. The major causes of shifts are the quadrupling of world oil prices between 1972 and 1974 and the substantial increase in national energy consumption since 1960. Changes in consumption and production by state are expressed in the percentage net shifts. Population explains much of the geographic concentration in 1974 and 1978 total consumption, and it more than likely played the same role in 1960. Net shifts in population from some states to other states between 1960 and 1974 certainly explain much of the net shifts in energy consumption.